A,B,C are partners in the firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio 4:3:2. they decide to share profits and losses in the ratio 2:3:4 with the effect from 1st april 2008. following is an extract of their balance sheet as at 31st march 2008:
invetment fluctuation reserve 54,000
investment (at cost) 6,00,000
show the accounting treatment if the market value of investments is 5,91,000
Hi Riya,
When the market value of investments is less than the book value, then investments account is credited with the value of investments decreased, thus, in this case the following Journal entry will be made.
Investments will be shown at Rs 5,91,000 on the Assets side of the Balance Sheet.
Working Notes: Calculation of amount distributed among the partners
$\mathrm{Amount}\mathrm{left}\mathrm{in}\mathrm{Investment}\mathrm{Fluctuation}\mathrm{Reserve}=54,0009,000=\mathrm{Rs}45,000\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}\mathrm{A}\text{'}\mathrm{s}\mathrm{Capital}\mathrm{Account}\mathrm{will}\mathrm{be}\mathrm{credited}\mathrm{with}=45,000\times \frac{4}{9}=\mathrm{Rs}20,000\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}\mathrm{B}\text{'}\mathrm{s}\mathrm{Capital}\mathrm{Account}\mathrm{will}\mathrm{be}\mathrm{credited}\mathrm{with}=45,000\times \frac{3}{9}=\mathrm{Rs}15,000\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}\mathrm{C}\text{'}\mathrm{s}\mathrm{Capital}\mathrm{Account}\mathrm{will}\mathrm{be}\mathrm{credited}\mathrm{with}=45,000\times \frac{2}{9}=\mathrm{Rs}10,000$
Hope this answers your query.
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When the market value of investments is less than the book value, then investments account is credited with the value of investments decreased, thus, in this case the following Journal entry will be made.
Journal  
Date  Particulars  L.F.  Debit Amount (Rs) 
Credit Amount (Rs) 

Investment Fluctuation Reserve A/c  Dr.  54,000  
To Investments A/c  9,000  
To A's Capital A/c  20,000  
To B's Capital A/c  15,000  
To C's Capital A/c  10,000  
(Investments Fluctuation Reserve is utilised for decrease in the value of investments and remaining amount is distributed among the old partners in their old ratio) 
Investments will be shown at Rs 5,91,000 on the Assets side of the Balance Sheet.
Working Notes: Calculation of amount distributed among the partners
$\mathrm{Amount}\mathrm{left}\mathrm{in}\mathrm{Investment}\mathrm{Fluctuation}\mathrm{Reserve}=54,0009,000=\mathrm{Rs}45,000\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}\mathrm{A}\text{'}\mathrm{s}\mathrm{Capital}\mathrm{Account}\mathrm{will}\mathrm{be}\mathrm{credited}\mathrm{with}=45,000\times \frac{4}{9}=\mathrm{Rs}20,000\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}\mathrm{B}\text{'}\mathrm{s}\mathrm{Capital}\mathrm{Account}\mathrm{will}\mathrm{be}\mathrm{credited}\mathrm{with}=45,000\times \frac{3}{9}=\mathrm{Rs}15,000\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}\mathrm{C}\text{'}\mathrm{s}\mathrm{Capital}\mathrm{Account}\mathrm{will}\mathrm{be}\mathrm{credited}\mathrm{with}=45,000\times \frac{2}{9}=\mathrm{Rs}10,000$
Hope this answers your query.
â€‹Keep Posting!!!