answer in details
1) discuss in detail about the abiotic factors of our environment.2) how does the light affect organisms?
answer the following:
1) what characteristics of the earth make it suitable for life? 2)what is the difference between weather and climate? 3)explain the examples the three components of the environment . 4) what is common between the arctic and the himalayas ? hoe dose it affect the living organisms? 5) Is it possible to have organisms similar to those living in the temperate regions any where in the equator ?
1. Abiotic Factors
Some of the major abiotic factors that interact with the organisms are:
Temperature − It is the most relevant abiotic factor since all organisms require an optimum temperature for their metabolism and other body functions. Depending upon their ability to tolerate temperature range.
Water − Water also is a major influencing factor. Life on earth is impossible without water as it forms the major constituent of all living cells. In oceans where quantity of water is not a limitation, the quality of water becomes one.
Soil − The nature and composition of soil differs from one place to another depending upon the climate, weathering process, and soil development method. The characteristic features such as soil composition, grain size, percolation, water holding capacity, etc. determine the native of the organisms it can support.
Light − The major source of light on earth is the Sun. Light is essential for plants to perform photosynthesis. Certain plants become adapted to perform photosynthesis under very low light since they are constantly overshadowed by tall trees. Many plants also depend on light for their flowering (photoperiodism). The availability of light on land is comparatively higher than that in water. Light is also important for the animals as animals use the seasonal changes in light for reproductive and migratory activities.