clf2-is linear while clf2+ is v shape why

Dear student
Please find the solution to the asked query:
ClF2- has Cl as the central atom. It has 7 valence electrons. The molecule has a negative charge so total no.of electrons in around the central atom = 8
Out of  these 8 electrons 2 electrons are used by the two F atoms, to form two bond pairs . Thus remaining 6 electrons lie around the Cl atom as 3 pairs of lone pairs . Hence total electron pairs =5 , the hybridisation is sp3d and the shape is linear.
as the three lone pairs are oriented along the corners of the triangular plane.


ClF2has Cl as the central atom. It has 7 valence electrons. The molecule has a positive charge so total no.of electrons in around the central atom = 6
Out of  these 6 electrons 2 electrons are used by the two F atoms, to form two bond pairs . Thus remaining 4 electrons lie around the Cl atom as 2 pairs of lone pairs . Hence total electron pairs =4 , the hybridisation is sp3 and the shape is bent or v-shape as two lone pairs are oriented along the corners.


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