Describe the major challenges to democracy in india?
plz ans fst....
The major challenges to democracy are:
The foundational challenge involves transitioning from a non-democratic to a democratic form of government. It means keeping power in the hands of civilians instead of military and establishing a sovereign state. It also means granting basic rights associated with democratic governance to citizens.
The challenge of expansion consists of the application of democratic principles to all social groups, across regions and institutionalising democracy. Expansion includes taking democracy to grassroots through local governments, empowering women and minorities as well as applying federal principles to ensure autonomous decision-making and decentralisation.
Deepening of democracy is the challenge of strengthening the practices and institutions that uphold democracy. This challenge focuses on the expectations of the people in different societies. These expectations are bound to vary and therefore, it needs to be viewd in the different contexts.
Since India is one of the biggest democracies of the world, it faces some major challenges. Some are listed as follows-
1)The challenge of deepening of democracy is faced by almost every democracy of world. This involves strengthening of the institutions and practices of democracy. This should happen in such a way that ppl can realise their expectations of democracy.
2) The increasing corruption in most departments is also a major challenge.
3) Abolishment of poverty, unemployment, communalism and filling the needs of growing populationalso poses challenge to democracy in India.
hope dis helps u....
The challenge of making the transition to democracy and then instituting democratic government.
Bringing down the existing non-democratic regime, keeping military away from controlling government and establishing a sovereign and functional state.
Challenge of expansion
The basic principle of democratic government must be applied across all the regions, different social groups and various institutions.
Decision should be democratically taken.
Greater powers should be given to the federating units along with women and various other marginalized classes.
Challenge of deepening of democracy
Involves strengthening the institutions that help in the participation of people and the functioning of democracies
# a mojor challenge in india is that there is no lokpal on center level. Lokpal fulfil the main need of democracy. In india lokayukt is present on some state only for state level .lokayukt and lokpal same but lokayukt is in stats level.so therefore only state government responsive ti lokayukt but not center govt..
Anna is also make movement for making lokpal..
#in india only some of the nember on top make policy so need expansion
Indian democracy doesn't face the foundational challenge as it already has an established democracy.
In India we need to over come corruption.
Participation of people should be encouraged.
Use of caste and religion should be discouraged.
(i) Growing economic and social inequalities among the people:
The most important problem in democracy is the growing social and economic inequality among the people. Although all the citizens have the right to vote and fight elections only rich people have a chance to win the election.
The poor are sometimes even forced to sell their votes to fulfill their basic necessities of life like food, clothing and shelter. So rich people are elected representatives in the legislature who make laws and frame policies which favour them.
(ii) Role of anti-social elements:
The role of anti-social elements has increased very much during the elections. Voters are coerced to vote for a particular candidate or party. Rigging also takes place during the elections.
(iii) Corruption and inefficiency:
In many democratic countries of the world, political leaders and government officials are corrupt, dishonest and inefficient. As a result, people do not take interest in elections and have no faith in government officials. This affects the working of democracy in the country very badly.
(iv) Casteism and communalism:
Are other big challenges in many democratic countries like India? During elections, a large number of voters give weight to the caste and religion of the candidate. Political parties also keep in mind the caste or religion of a person while distributing tickets for the election. Representatives elected on the basis of caste or religion work for the welfare of the people belonging only to their caste or religion.