difference between a plant cell and animal cell.

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The differences between a plant and an animal cell are as follows:-

Plant Cell Animal Cell

1. It has a rigid, nonliving cell wall. 1. No such cell wall is present.

2. It usually has one or two large vacuoles. 2. Vacuoles are either absent or are smaller in size.

3. Plastids (chloroplasts, lecuplasts, chromoplasts,etc.) are present. 3. Plastids are absent.

4. Centrosomes are absent. 4. Centrosomes are present.

5. Lysosomes are absent. 5. Lysosomes are present.

For your understanding i am providing you with the image of plant cell and animal cell.

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Animal cell

Plant cell

Animal cells are generally small in size.

Plants cells are usually larger than animal cells.

Cell wall is absent.

Cell wall is present.

Except the protozoan Euglena, no animal cell possesses plastids.

Plastids (chromoplasts and leucoplasts) are present.

Vacuoles are smaller in size.

Vacuoles are larger in size.

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  Plant Cells: 

* have chloroplasts and use photosynthesis to produce food 
* have cell wall made of cellulose 
* A plant cell has plasmodesmata - microscopic channels which traverse the cell walls of the cells 
* one very large vacuole in the center 
* are rectangular in shape 

Animal Cells: 

* don 't have chloroplast 
* no cell wall (only cell membrane) 
* No plasmodesmata 
* one small vacuole 
* either circular, irregular or defined shapes depending on the type of cell

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Plant Cell

  1. A cell wall made up of cellulose,is present outside the plasma membrance.
  2. Plastids (chloroplast, leucoplasts and chromoplasts) are present.
  3. Vacuoles are present. Usually a large cell vacuole lies in the centre.
  4. Centriole is absent (except in few lower plants).
  5. They are usually regular in shape.
  6. Reserve food occurs in the form of starch.
  7. They are larger in size.
  8. Lyososomes are either absent or very few in number.
  9. Golgi bodies are present in the form of several unconnected subunits called dictyosomes.

  Animal Cell 

  1. Cell wall is absent.
  2. Plastids are absent.
  3. Vacuoles are either absent or very small.
  4. Centriole with centrosome is present.
  5. They are usually irregular in shape.
  6. Food is stored in the form of glycogen.
  7. They are comparatively smaller in size.
  8. Lysosomes are prominent and more in number.
  9. Prominent and highly complex golgi bodies present near nucleus
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