Difference between Roughage and Concentrates. (3 Points)
Roughage is simply referred to as dietary fiber. It is the indigestible portion of food obtained from plants. Roughage does not provide any nutrient to our body but plays an important role in a healthy diet plan. Its main function is to add bulk to the diet, which in turn helps in the digestion process and healthy function of the bowel system. It prevents constipation and helps in getting rid of undigested food. Roughage also helps in retaining water in the body. Some roughage food includes fruits like apple, pear etc. Whole grains and green leafy vegetables are also examples of roughage.
The concentrate is simply a feed that is rich in carbohydrates but low in fiber. Its main purpose is to fatten up cattle before slaughter. It is also used to provide the cattle with extra nutrients. It is easily digestible. The primary role of concentrate feeds is to provide concentrated sources of necessary nutrients for livestock production. These nutrients include macronutrients of energy and protein and important specific nutrients like amino acids, fatty acids, vitamins, minerals and others.