Differentiate between indigenous breed, exotic breed cross breed of animals.What are theadvantages of exotic breed indigenous breed of cattle?
|Indigenous breed||Exotic breed||Cross breed|
|These are local breeds of cattle||These are foreign breeds of cattle||When Indigenous and exotic breeds are crossed to produce animals of desired qualities, they are called cross bred.|
|Indigenous breed of cows are characterised by their hump and throat skin||These two physical features are absent in exotic breeds||Cross breeds are characterised by the presence of desired traits from both the parents|
|Immunity of animals of this breed are high||These animals poor in resistance to many infections and other common diseases of cattle in comparison to indigenous breed||These have high disease resistance|
|Milk yielding capacity is less than exotic breed||Cows of exotic breeds have high milk yielding capacity.||Milk yielding capacity is also very high in cross breeds.|
|Example-Gir, shahiwal, Red Sindhi||Example-jersey, Holstein Friesian||Example Cross bred Jersey|
Advantage of Indigenous Breed-
- These can reproduce more times than some exotic breeds.
- Disease resistance is high in desi breeds.
- Since these are native to this place, they are well adapted to Indian environment.
Advantage of Exotic breed-
- High growth rate
- High milk yielding capacity