During the medical check-up of 35 students of a class, their weights were recorded as follows:
Weight (in kg) |
Number of students |
Less than 38 |
0 |
Less than 40 |
3 |
Less than 42 |
5 |
Less than 44 |
9 |
Less than 46 |
14 |
Less than 48 |
28 |
Less than 50 |
32 |
Less than 52 |
35 |
Draw a less than type ogive for the given data. Hence obtain the median weight from the graph verify the result by using the formula.
The given cumulative frequency distributions of less than type are
Weight (in kg) upper class limits |
Number of students (cumulative frequency) |
Less than 38 |
0 |
Less than 40 |
3 |
Less than 42 |
5 |
Less than 44 |
9 |
Less than 46 |
14 |
Less than 48 |
28 |
Less than 50 |
32 |
Less than 52 |
35 |
Taking upper class limits on x-axis and their respective cumulative frequencies on y-axis, its ogive can be drawn as follows.
Here, n = 35
So, = 17.5
Mark the point A whose ordinate is 17.5 and its x-coordinate is 46.5. Therefore, median of this data is 46.5.
It can be observed that the difference between two consecutive upper class limits is 2. The class marks with their respective frequencies are obtained as below.
Weight (in kg) |
Frequency (f) |
Cumulative frequency |
Less than 38 |
0 |
0 |
38 − 40 |
3 − 0 = 3 |
3 |
40 − 42 |
5 − 3 = 2 |
5 |
42 − 44 |
9 − 5 = 4 |
9 |
44 − 46 |
14 − 9 = 5 |
14 |
46 − 48 |
28 − 14 = 14 |
28 |
48 − 50 |
32 − 28 = 4 |
32 |
50 − 52 |
35 − 32 = 3 |
35 |
Total (n) |
35 |
The cumulative frequency just greater thanis 28, belonging to class interval 46 − 48.
Median class = 46 − 48
Lower class limit (l) of median class = 46
Frequency (f) of median class = 14
Cumulative frequency (cf) of class preceding median class = 14
Class size (h) = 2
Therefore, median of this data is 46.5.
Hence, the value of median is verified.