explain the following name reactions.

a) Sand Meyer's reaction

b) Finkelstein reaction

c) Swarts reaction

d) wurtz relation

e) wurtz-fitting reaction

f) fitting reaction

g) hunsdiecker reaction

h) Friedel craft reaction

i) halogenation

Dear student,

(a) Sand Meyer's reaction:


(b) Finkelstein reaction:

  • The   Finkelstein reaction involves the exchange of one halogen for another, especially, in primary alkyl halides. It is used to synthesize one alkyl halide from another.

  • The Finkelstein reaction is an S 2 reaction that involves the exchange of lighter halogen atom by heavier halogen atom from alkyl halide. Halide exchange is an equilibrium reaction.

  • CH -CH -Cl + KI   http://www.extramarks.com/stryde/uploadfiles/Image/20070914353755001189771494_2602_0656.gifCH -CH -I + KCl



The Synthesis Of Alkyl Fluorides Is The Best Accomplished By Heating An Alkyl Bromide Or Chloride In Presence Of Metallic Fluoride Such As AgF, SbF3, Hg2F2 And CoF2.

This Reaction Is Termed As Swartz Reaction.

Given Below Reaction Favours Swartz Reaction -

H3C - Br + AgF → H3C - F + AgBr

Note That In This Reaction Halogens Are Exchanged Respectively. Here F And Br Are Exchanged As Halogens.

For remaining parts of the question please ask in different threads so that we will help you out.


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