explain the relationship between democracy & development ?
Democracy as we know is a government by the people of the people and for the people. a democracy has welfare as its primary aim. Thus it will work for development. In India too we have witnessed how the government works for all sections of the people. Adequate opportunities are provided for the backwards to come at par with the others. Economic progress is also achievable through democracy. Citizen are given the freedom to pick any job or start any business, forming trade unions is legals. Thus when cordial working conditions are provided revenue generation will be more too. Indeed, for decades India had only 2 to 3 percent annual growth rate. But that has changed. Once the democratic Indian government embarked upon implementing market-oriented reforms, the country achieved rate of 8 to 9 percent a year.
If you consider all democracies and all dictatorships for the fifty years between 1950 and 2000, dictatorships have slightly higher rate of economic growth.
The inability of democracy to achieve higher economic development worries us. But this alone cannot be reason to reject democracy.
economic development depends on several factors: country’s population size, global situation, cooperation from other countries, economic priorities adopted by the country, etc.
However, the difference in the rates of economic development between less developed countries with dictatorships and democracies is negligible.
Overall, we cannot say that democracy is a guarantee of economic development.
But we can expect democracy not to lag behind dictatorships in this respect.
When we find such significant difference in the rates of economic growth between countries under dictatorship and democracy, it is better to prefer democracy as it has several other positive outcomes.