Find the common factors of the terms

(i) 12x, 36

(ii) 2y, 22xy

(iii) 14pq, 28p 2 q 2

(iv) 2x, 3x 2, 4

(v) 6abc, 24ab 2, 12a 2 b

(vi) 16x 3, −4x 2, 32x

(vii) 10pq, 20qr, 30rp

(viii) 3x 2 y 3, 10x 3 y 2, 6x 2 y 2 z

(i) 12x = 2 × 2 × 3 × x

36 = 2 × 2 × 3 × 3

The common factors are 2, 2, 3.

And, 2 × 2 × 3 = 12

(ii) 2y = 2 × y

22xy = 2 × 11 × x × y

The common factors are 2, y.

And, 2 × y = 2y

(iii) 14pq = 2 × 7 × p × q

28p2q2 = 2 × 2 × 7 × p × p × q × q

The common factors are 2, 7, p, q.

And, 2 × 7 × p × q = 14pq

(iv) 2x = 2 × x

3x2 = 3 × x × x

4 = 2 × 2

The common factor is 1.

(v) 6abc = 2 × 3 × a × b × c

24ab2 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 3 × a × b × b

12a2b = 2 × 2 × 3 × a × a × b

The common factors are 2, 3, a, b.

And, 2 × 3 × a × b = 6ab

(vi) 16x3 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × x × x × x

−4x2 = −1 × 2 × 2 × x × x

32x = 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × x

The common factors are 2, 2, x.

And, 2 × 2 × x = 4x

(vii) 10pq = 2 × 5 × p × q

20qr = 2 × 2 × 5 × q × r

30rp = 2 × 3 × 5 × r × p

The common factors are 2, 5.

And, 2 × 5 = 10

(viii) 3x2y3 = 3 × x × x × y × y × y

10x3y2 = 2 × 5 × x × x × x × y × y

6x2y2z = 2 × 3 × x × x × y × y × z

The common factors are x, x, y, y.

And,

x × x × y × y = x2y2

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