For all its remoteness, Antarctica has become increasingly accessible in recent vears. Weather permitting, flights land regularly at the South Pole, bringing construction crews and materials there. Dozens of research stations have been planted all around the coastline. Now, fleets of cruise ships are bringing over 12,000 people a year and Antarctica is also becoming an increasingly popula venue for extreme sports. 2. Antarctica is owned by no one. 43 nations are joined in an agreement which allows it to be used only for science and tourism. Ironically, these agreements may not withstand pressures to exploit the continent's mineral resources including gold, platinum and oil or of prevent shipping accidents due to the influx ships into the Southern Ocean which could lead to devastating oil U.K. is spills. The therefore, trying to introduce a new Antarctic Code' for 3. Even shipping. though Antarctica is the world's most entirely covered by a vast remote and desolate continent, sheet of ice and having winds ragingwith unimaginadic ferocity, the damaging effects of human activity have reached this distant ai pristine place. Perhaps the most worrying threat to Antarctica's wildlife comprising peng petrels, seals and iins, albatross comes from the atmosphere. Air pOIuu triggered the appearance of a vast hole in the ozone which Do has the sun's harmful ultraviolet radiation. The plankton in the sea, on wno ut fish depend, may also be kill:d off. This is a real cry for help. fist nkton in the sea, on which ma cry for help.
Glob rafures in Antarctica have risen to 2.5°C in the last 50 years, and the ice Arctic, disrupting penguins' reeding grounds in the process. The huge Larsen broke up shocking scientists, who had not thought it would happen so soon. A temperatures in sheet et is melting more rapidly than scientists anticipated. Large chunks of ice w Actually breaking off or "calving' to create icebergs like those in the are now actually Blce Shelf-a 200 metre thick sheet of floating ice as big as Jamaica, recently 2018 study estimated that ice loss across the entire continent was 43 giga tonnes nPr vear on average during the period from 1992 to 2002 but accelerated to an average of 220 giga tonnes per year during the five years from 2012 to 2017. The total contribution to sea level rise has been estimated as 8 mm to 14 mm of sea level rise

Based on your understanding of the passage, answer any five out of the six questions. (5x1=5) 4)
What does the phrase 'for all its remoteness' refers to in the opening line?
b) With which words 'remote and desolate' used by the author in paragraph 3, Can be replaced without changing the meaning?
e) Pick out words from para 2 which mean the same as 'a lot of things arriving 9 What is the cause of Air pollution in Antarctica?
Antarcticais under co-ownership of many countries yet they have not deen Lpreserve it. Now, a new code is being considered to..............
 SOmewhere s 0 a study, loss of ice sheet due to warming and melting has According touched ...


The solutions to your a, b and e queries have been provided below:

a) In the opening line, 'for all its remoteness' refers to the location of Antarctica, which is far away from everything else.
b) Distant and
inaccessible are the words that can replace 'remote and desolate' in the paragraph.
e) Influx means the same as 'a lot of things arriving'.

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