How are evolution and classification related?

Classification can play a great role in studying evolution as organisms sharing greater similarity are grouped together and comparing them among themselves and other organisms can result in better understanding of evolution of organism or group of organisms.

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Classification is based on evolution :) 

Classification should be based upon anatomical characteristics that arose due to common descent, whether those common features be in the skeleton, skull, soft tissues, teeth, genetic structure or wherever. That being so, the objective of classification in the reconstruction of parts -as far as possible- of the evolutionary history that led up to the organisms under consideration. 

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