improved variety can be produced in both animals and plants.how
Please find below the solution to the asked query
Two fundamental approaches are adopted to improve the plant and animal varieties. These are:
- Genetic engineering
Hybridization is the process in which two genetically dissimilar individuals (varieties) are purposely crossed to get a hybrid variety. In this way, characteristics from both the parent varieties can be obtained in the hybrid variety. Hybridization can be:
- Inter-specific, i.e., between two different species
- Inter-generic, i.e., between two genera
- Inter-varietal, i.e., between different varieties
Genetic engineering is the process in which the gene for a particular character is introduced inside the plant or animal. The introduction of this gene in the individual leads to the production of a transgenic plant or animal. Such a transgenic plant or animal exhibits the character of the newly introduced gene.
Hope this information will clear your doubts about the topic.