Q: What are the advantages and disadvantages of competition in politics?
The following are certain demerits of electoral competition:
It creates disunity and factionalism
Candidates often use dirty tricks to discredit their opponents and win elections
Long term policies may become a casualty of electoral politics
Money power is often a crucial determinant of results in elections and smaller and independent candidates may not have sufficient resources to compete with big parties on equal terms
disadvantages of power sharing are:
1. It leads to a feeling between citizens that the sharing of power leads to division of power which makes a country weaker than it would be if power rested in one hand.
2. It also leads to misunderstanding between the council of various organs.
3. It also leads to thinking that it poses a risk to nation 's unity.
4. It also sometimes leads to conflict between two states, two districts or even two cities or locality.
advantages of power sharing are:
1. No single community can take decision unilaterally.
2. It is realised that unity of country is only possible by repecting feelings and interest of different communities.
3. Reduces conflicts between different social groups.
4. Stability of political order is achieved.
5. Better outcome.
6. People have right to be consulted for governing practices.
7. All have a voice in shaping public policies.
8. People rule themselves through institution of self goverenance.