1. differentiate between different types of movement [tabular column]
  2. rn
  3. differentiate berween different types of muscles [tabular column]


Amoeboid Movement

Ciliary Movement

Muscular Movement

  • Found in amoeba which moves by producing pseudopodia.
  • This involves change in the shape of the cell body and streaming movement of cytoplasm into the pseudopodium.
  • This movement used to obtain food or to avoid dangers.
  • Amoeboid movement found in white blood cells in human blood. It engulf antigen or microbes and to immigrate in the circulatory fluid.


  • Found in paramoecium, in which  cilia not only used for locomotion also to drive water and food into their gullet.
  • Cilia of Echinoderms  help to drive water through the water vascular system.
  • Cilia of the human respiratory tract help to drive away the microbes and dust particles towards the nose or mouth.
  • Cilia in the oviduct of human female transport ova.
  • Cilia of Mollusks  help to pass water currents over the gills.


  • Found in vertebrates.
  • In this muscle fibres have the unique property of ability to contract and relax, which exerts a force.
  • This force is responsible for movement of body parts and locomotion.



Cardiac Muscles

Skeletal Muscles

Smooth Muscles

  • These are a network of branched fibers connected by gap junctions.
  • Have striations
  • Have involuntary control.
  • Present only in heart.
  • These muscles contract at rhythmic, steady rate.
  • Function is blood pumping only.


  • These are  long, thin and multi-nucleated fibers.
  • Have striations.
  • Have voluntary control.
  • These are arranged into packages called muscles that attach to and cover the bony skeleton.
  • They contract  rapidly & vigorously.
  • Functions are Posture maintenance, locomotion & manipulation, vision, facial expression etc.


  • These are smooth fibres.
  • No striations.
  • Have involuntary control.
  • Present in walls of hollow visceral organs and blood vessels.
  • These muscles have slow & sustained contractions.
  • Functions are food digesting, urination etc.

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