The climatic contrast of India is striking.
- India has an unusual range of climatic conditions that ranges from very cold to very hot, dry to humid, owing to its peculiar topography and location.
- The northern areas of the country experience temperatures ranging from frigid (Siachen)
- The Himalayas and Hindu Kush block the cold Central Asian katabatic winds and so, the rest of the Indian subcontinent has warmer temperatures.
- The western part of the country is a desert area but attracts moisture-laden southwest summer monsoon causing rainfall across the country.
- The Tropic of Cancer divides the country in almost two halves.
- The areas above it experience temperate climatic conditions whereas areas below it experience tropical climatic conditions.