The climatic contrast of India is striking.

  • India has an unusual range of climatic conditions that ranges from very cold to very hot, dry to humid, owing to its peculiar topography and location.  
  • The northern areas of the country experience temperatures ranging from frigid (Siachen)
  • The Himalayas and Hindu Kush block the cold Central Asian katabatic winds and so, the rest of the Indian subcontinent has warmer temperatures.
  • The western part of the country is a desert area but attracts moisture-laden southwest summer monsoon causing rainfall across the country.
  • The Tropic of Cancer divides the country in almost two halves.
  • The areas above it experience temperate climatic conditions whereas areas below it experience tropical climatic conditions.   

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