Two tangents TP and TQ are drawn to a circle with center O from an external point T. Prove that angle PTQ = 2 OPQ.
We know that, the lengths of tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are equal.
∴ TP = TQ
TP = TQ
⇒ ∠TQP = ∠TPQ ...(1) (In a triangle, equal sides have equal angles opposite to them)
∠TQP + ∠TPQ + ∠PTQ = 180º (Angle sum property)
∴ 2 ∠TPQ + ∠PTQ = 180º (Using(1))
⇒ ∠PTQ = 180º – 2 ∠TPQ ...(1)
We know that, a tangent to a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point of contact.
OP ⊥ PT,
∴ ∠OPT = 90º
⇒ ∠OPQ + ∠TPQ = 90º
⇒ ∠OPQ = 90º – ∠TPQ
⇒ 2∠OPQ = 2(90º – ∠TPQ) = 180º – 2 ∠TPQ ...(2)
From (1) and (2), we get
∠PTQ = 2∠OPQ