vachya ke upbedh

vachya- vachya ka shabdik arth hai 'bolne ka vishay (subject) '. kriya ke jis roop se pata chale ki kriya dwara kiye gaye vidhan ka kendra- bindu karta hai, karma hai athva kriya-bhav, use vachya kehte hain.

vachya ke bhed:
1.kart vachay - jis vakya mein vachya-bindu 'karta' hai,use kart vacgya kehte hain.is vachya mein sa-karmak aur aa-karmak dono prakar ki kriyayon ka prayog hota hai.
eg.bachhe khel rahe hain.
    ashok pustak padhta hai.
(under-lined words karta hain, aur vakya mein mukhya bhi)

2. karm vachya - jahan vachya- bindu karm ho.in vakyon mein ya to karta ka lope ho jata hai , ya uske sath 'se' ya 'ke dwara' ka prayog hota hai.isme ss-karmak kriyayon ka hi prayog hota hai.
eg.davayi de di gayi hai.   (karta ka lpoe)
   ham se sundar chitra dekhe gaye.   (karta + se)

3.bhav vachya - jis vakya mein vachya-kendra kriya ho arthath jahan na karta ki pradhanta ho, na karma ki, balki jahan 'kriya ka bhav' hi mukhya ho. bhav vachya ki kriya hamesha anya-purush pulling ek-vachan mein rehti hai. keval aa-karmak kriya ka prayog hota hai.
eg. mujh se ab chala nahi jata.
 garmiyon mein khoob nahaya jata hai.

hope, it helps :)
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