What are the advantages of vegetative propagation?
(i) Plant which do not produce seeds, are propagated by the method e.g., sugar-cane, banana, potato, rose, orange, seedless grapes, jasmines, chrysanthemum, etc.
(ii) Vegetative propagation is a cheaper, easier and more rapid method of propagation in plants than growing plants from their seeds; for example, many lilies grow very slowly and take 4 to 7 years to developed flowers, when grown their seeds, but flowers are produced only after a year or two when grown vegitatively.
(iii) The trait (character) of a plant is preserved by vegetative reproduction.
(iv) Thus, the plants generated from vegetative means requires less time to grow and to have the advantages of being more uniform and genetically similar to the parent stock. Another advantage is that in propagation by this methods, the plants skip the risky seedling stage in which a number of plants die under adverse conditions. Many seedless verities of grapes, banana and oranges are produced by this method.
However, there are some disadvantages associated with this mode of reproduction. Plants grown by this method lose vigour and become prone to diseases.
advantages of vegetative propagation are-
1) it is a faster method of reproduction than sexual reproduction.
2) in most cases, only one parent plant is required and hence special mechanisms such as pollination is not needed.
3) plants which do not flower and produce seeds can reproduce by this method.
2)the fruit trees grow from seeds may take many years before they start to bear fruit but the fruit trees grow from cuttings or by grafting start to bear fruits much earlier (only after a few growing seasons)
3)the plants grow by vegetative propagation usually need less attention in their early years than the plants grown from seeds
4)many plants can be grown from just one parent plant by artificial propagation
5)we can also get seedless plant by artificial propagation
Vegetative reproduction is very useful to plant growers because of the following reasons:
- It allows them to produce new plants quickly.
- The plants produced by this method are exact copies of the parent plant.
- Plants propagated vegetatively usually need less attention than plants grown from seeds, in the early stages of growth.
- New varieties of plants having required characteristics can be developed by this method.