what are the causes of water depletion?

Causes of water depletion:

  • Pollution of water sources

  • Improper water resources management

  • Shortcomings in the design and implementation of legislation and regulations, which address these problems.

  • Agricultural irrigation

  • Drought and changes in routine weather patterns

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 The factors responsible for the depletion of water table are as follows:

(i)Increasing population

As a result of increasing population, all the facilities such as houses, shops, roads, offices, pavements, etc. increase to fulfil the increasing demands. This, in turn, decreases the open area for seepage of water into the ground.

(ii)Increasing industries

Most of the stages of manufacturing processes in industries require water. If the number of industries increases, then the water required by them will also increase. Therefore, increase of industries contributes to the depletion of water table.

(iii)Agricultural activities

India is an agricultural country and agriculture is impossible without water. The water for agriculture is mainly utilised from ground water, rain water and canal water. As there is no rainfall in many places, agriculture cannot be entirely depended on rain water. Also, canal water is available in a few places only. Therefore, ground water is the main source of water for agricultural activities and this causes depletion of water table.

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