What are the economic Importance of Gymnosperms & Angiosperms?
Economic importance of gymnosperms:
- Woods are obtained from gymnosperms like pine, cedar etc.
- Conifers are the major source of resin production.
- Turpentine is also collected from gymnosperms with is used for the production of soap and paint.
- It acts as fire wood in winter.
- Christmas tree is a gymnosperm which is essential during Christmas.
- It acts as ornamental plant.
Economic importance of Angiosperms:
- It provides food in form of fruits and seeds.
- We get several types of medicines from these plants.
- Trees like Teak, Sal etc. provide woods for making paper, furniture and houses.
- Fibers are obtained from the plants like cotton, jute etc. for making clothes and bags.
- Flowers are used for decoration and also in religious purposes.
- The leaves are also used for covering the roofs of thatched houses.
1 seeds of pinus gerardiana called chilgoza are edible
2 wood used in making furniture
3 drug ephedrine obtained from ephedra is used for curing respiratory ailments
4 cedar wood oil obtained from juniperus verginiana
1 fruit giving plants
2 flowering plants so act as ornamental plants
GYMNOSPERMS-Lumber- fence posts, musical instruments, pencils, cedar chests, lawn furniture
Paper pulp- cardboard, paper
Resins- varnish, nail polish
Turpentine- soap, perfumes
Fuel for heat
Food- pine nuts (pine seeds)
ANGIOSPERMS-Agriculture is almost entirely dependent upon angiosperms, which provide virtually all plant-based food, and also provide a significant amount of livestock feed. Of all the families of plants, thePoaceae, or grass family (grains), is by far the most important, providing the bulk of all feedstocks (rice, corn — maize, wheat, barley, rye, oats, pearl millet, sugar cane, sorghum). TheFabaceae, or legume family, comes in second place. Also of high importance are the Solanaceae, or nightshade family (potatoes, tomatoes, and peppers, among others), the Cucurbitaceae, orgourd family (also including pumpkins and melons), the Brassicaceae, or mustard plant family (including rapeseed and the innumerable varieties of the cabbage species Brassica oleracea), and the Apiaceae, or parsley family. Many of our fruits come from the Rutaceae, or rue family (including oranges, lemons, grapefruits, etc.), and the Rosaceae, or rose family (including apples, pears,cherries, apricots, plums, etc.).