What do you mean by reproduction? Describe various modes of reproduction.


The process by which living organisms produce offspring or young ones of their own kind is called reproduction. The two modes of reproduction are- asexual reproduction and sexual reproduction.  
  • Asexual reproduction involves the participation of a single parent. This mode of reproduction does not involve formation of gametes. It includes types of vegetative propagation and asexual spore formation. For example, Vegetative propagation, is a mode of asexual reproduction in plants where the vegetative parts such as roots, leaves, stems, etc. are used to propagate the plants
  • Reproduction which involves two mating types- male and female is called sexual reproduction. Gametes are formed that fuse to form zygote. For example, reproduction in flowering plants and humans.

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