what is meant by homologoues chromosomes?


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homologous chromosomes are chromosomes that are paired during meiosis. They consists of four chromatids. One pair comes from the father and the other, from the mother.The homologous chromosomes are the same size, their centromeres are in the same postition, they have the same number of genes, arranged in the same order.


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Homologous chromosomes (also called homologs or homologues) are chromosome pairs of approximately the same length, centromere position, and staining pattern, with genes for the same characteristics at corresponding loci. One homologous chromosome is inherited from the organism's mother; the other from the organism's father.[1] They are usually not identical.

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