what is non cooperation movement
Thousands of people, especially students and teachers, participated in the non-cooperation movement. Gandhiji wanted the movement to be absolutely peaceful and free from violence. The British government used all measures to crush the movement. Prominent leaders were arrested. In two months, nearly 30,000 people were imprisoned. This led to violence in some parts of the country.
Mob violence took place at Chauri Chaura village in the Gorakhpur district of Uttar Pradesh. The agitationists set the police station on fire. Gandhiji was unhappy at this incident and decided to withdraw the non-cooperation movement. He was of the strong opinion that violence cannot attain anything.
This movement brought many leaders like Dr. "Rajendra Prasad, Sardar Patel, Maulana Azad, C. Rajagopalachari, Motilal Nehru, Chittaranjan Das, Mohammad Ali and Shaukat Ali to the forefront of the freedom struggle. Jawaharlal Nehru emerged as a popular leader in the course of the non-cooperation movement.
The Non-Cooperation Movement was a significant phase of the Indian struggle for freedom from British rule. It was led by Mahatma Gandhi and was supported by the Indian National Congress.After Jallianwala Bagh incident Gandhi started Non Cooperation movement. It aimed to resist British occupation in India through non-violent means. Protestors would refuse to buy British goods, adopt the use of local handicrafts, picket liquor shops, and try to uphold the Indian values of honour and integrity. The Gandhian ideals of Ahimsaor non-violence, and his ability to rally hundreds of thousands of common citizens towards the cause of Indian independence, were first seen on a large scale in this movement.through the summer 1920,they feared that the movement might lead to popular violence.