what is pineal gland and what are its functions ?
- Secretion of the Hormone Melatonin
- Regulation of Endocrine Functions
- Conversion of Nervous System Signals to Endocrine Signals
- Causes Feeling of Sleepiness
- Influences Sexual D
The pineal gland (also called the pineal body, epiphysis cerebri, epiphysis, conarium or the "third eye") is a small endocrine gland in the vertebrate brain. It produces the serotoninderivative melatonin, a hormone that affects the modulation of wake/sleep patterns and seasonal functions. Its shape resembles a tiny pine cone (hence its name), and it is located near the centre of the brain, between the two hemispheres, tucked in a groove where the two rounded thalamic bodies join.