What is the difference between common names and scientific names?
Scientific name is the name that is used by the scientists and it consists of two parts- genus and species. Scientific names is written in italics.
Common name is what the everyday person calls something; the scientific name is what scientists sometimes call something to differentiate it from other things in the same group/family/section. For example, acetic and formic acids (the active chemicals in vinegar and ant/bee stings) are scientifically named ethanoic and methanoic acids.