what is the difference between monocots and dicots?

Here's the ans. given by the expert !!

 

Dicots

 

Monocots

The seeds of these plants have two cotyledons.

The seeds of these plants have a single cotyledon.

The dicot plants mostly have tap root system.

Monocot plants mostly have fibrous root system.

The leaves have reticulate venation.

The leaves have parallel venation.


:)

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Monocotyledons:

  • Embryos have a single seed leaf, referred to as a cotyledon - hence the name mono (one) cotyledon
  • Leaves have parallel venation and are generally strap-like in appearance
  • Flowers have petals and floral parts in multiples of three
  • In the stem, vascular bundles are scattered and absence of vascular cambium explains absence of secondary growth
  • A pollen grain with one opening
  • Root system is generally fibrous, shallow and adventitious
  • Stomata can be found on both epidermal layers of monocot leaves. This condition is called amphistomatic
  • Examples of monocot plants are: (grasses) most ornamental turf lawns, (bamboo's) ornamental and wild bamboo's inlcuding sugar cane, (grain plants) rye, rice, wheat, maize (bulbous plants) such as lilies, agapanthus, clivia, orchid varieties, most palm tree varieties

    Dicotyledons:

    • Embryos have two seed leaves, referred to as cotyledons - hence the name di (two) cotyledon - although dicots now known as eudicots, most people still use the term "dicot"
    • Leaves have branched venation
    • Flowers have petals and floral parts in multiples of four or five
    • In the stem, the vascular tissue is arranged circularly and presence of vascular cambium explains ability to effect secondary growth
    • A pollen grain with three openings
    • Root system is generally branched, but taproot based
    • Stomata can only be found in the lower epidermis. So, we describe it as hypostomatic condition
    • Examples of dicot plants include: (veg) tomatos, peppers, cabbage, beans, peas, (flowers) sunflowers, roses, daisies, violets, petunia, pansy (fruit) apples, pears, cherries, avocardo
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Monocotyledons − having one cotyledon in their seeds

  • Flowers are trimerous
  • Arrangement of leaf vein is parallel
  • Vascular bundles are scattered in the stem
Dicotyledons − having two cotyledons in their seeds
  • Tetramerous or pentamerous flowers
  • Arrangement of leaf vein is reticulate
  • Vascular bundles are present in concentric circles
  hope it helps!
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thanks for the ans. it helped a lot.

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 Angiosperms or flowering plants are divided into two primary groups based on their morphological differences. These two groups are monocots and dicots.

The major differences between monocots and dicots are:

MonocotsDicots
Embryo consists of a single cotyledonEmbryo consists of two cotyledons
Flower parts are present in multiples of threeFlower parts are present in multiples of four or five
Major leaf veins are parallelMajor leaf veins are reticulated
Stem vascular bundles are scatteredStem vascular bundles are in the form of a ring
Roots are adventitiousRoots develop from radicle
Example: Rice, Wheat, MaizeExample: Beans, Water lily, Cinnamon
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Dicots

 

Monocots

The seeds of these plants have two cotyledons.

The seeds of these plants have a single cotyledon.

The dicot plants mostly have tap root system.

Monocot plants mostly have fibrous root system.

The leaves have reticulate venation.

The leaves have parallel venation.

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