What is the purpose of making national parks wildlife sanctuaries and biosphere reserves?
The purpose of making national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and biosphere reserves is to conserve and protect the whole ecosystem from exploitation and to protect the ecosystem we need to conserve its biodiversity at all levels that means both in its natural environment like forest and artificial created environments by humans like zoos.
It maintains a balance of all the factors on earth which are responsible for survival of man and continuity of life.
A wildlife sanctuary is a space which is set aside exclusively for the use of wild animals, who are protected when they roam or live in that area.Wildlife sanctuaries are also referred to as wildlife refuges in some areas. Typically, a wildlife sanctuary is created through a government mandate which sets the space aside for the use of animal protection, and rangers or other government employees may patrol the area to ensure that no one hunts or otherwise harasses the animals.
There are a number of reasons to establish a wildlife sanctuary. In many cases, a government creates a sanctuary for the purpose of protectingendangered species with a limited territorial range. Since it is not always possible to relocate animals or breed them in captivity, protecting their natural habitat can be very important. Endangered species in wildlife sanctuaries are typically closely monitored, and if their populations grow while under protection, some specimens may be captured for breeding in conservation parks to ensure that the species survives.
A national park is a piece of land protected by the government of a country. This land may have interesting wildlife, plant life and natural features, such as waterfalls and mountains. The features of a national park are there for people to enjoy observing, but visitors must respect the wildlife, plants and landforms.