what is the relationship between genes proteins and traits?please explain in detail and easy language.

The small fragment of DNA is known as gene. The gene codes for a particular protein or gene is responsible for the formation of a protein. The gene determines the phenotype (external features) and genotype (genetic make up) of a organism. The protein formed is responsible for different traits. For example, the gene, responsible for the height of a person will form a protein responsible for height and this will determines whether a person will be tall or short heighted.

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