what kind of challenges r faced by our indian democracy ? suggest remedies also .....
i. People think of legal ways of reforming politics, think of new laws to ban undesirable
countries face the foundational challenge of making the transition to democracy and then instituting democratic government.
This involves bringing down the existing non-democratic regime, keeping military away from controlling government and establishing a sovereign and functional state.
For example, Nepal was under Monarchy till recent times. Now Nepal has changed to a democratic system.Nepal is a very good example of foundational challenge of democracy.
Challenge of Expansion
This involves applying the basic principle of democratic government across all the regions, different social groups and various institutions.
Ensuring greater power to local governments, extension of federal principle to all the units of the federation, inclusion of women and minority groups, etc., falls under this challenge.
This also means that less and less decisions should remain outside the arena of democratic control. Most countries including India and other democracies like the US face this challenge.
Deepening of Democracy
This involves strengthening of the institutions and practices of democracy. that is, strengthening those institutions that help people 's control and participation
this requires an attempt to bring down influence of rich and powerful people in making governmental decisions
communalism pose a serious threat to indian democracy
- it is a situation in which a particular community promotes its own interest
- it leads to intolerance, far and suspicion towards members of other communities
- it creates disunity among individuals
it is a serious threat to national integration and peaceful co existence
- it leads to formation of pressure groups that protect and promote interests of specific community
- political parties are also formed on basis of religion and leads to separatism
- it also leads to communal violence, riots and massacre
Challenge is a difficultty that carries within it an oppurtunity for progress". Once we overcome a challenge we go up to a higher level than before. And different countriesface different kinds of challenges which can be categorised in these ways:
- Foundational challenge for-democratic countries,
- Challenge of expansion for established democracy ,
- Challenge of deepening democracy for every democracy
(briefly explain the three points)
Challenges to political parties
Lack of Internal Democracy:
All over the world there is a tendency in political parties towards the concentration of power in one or few leaders at the top.
Parties do not keep membership registers, do not hold organisational meetings, and do not conduct internal elections regularly
Ordinary members of the party do not get sufficient information on what happens inside the party.
They do not have the means or the connections needed to influence the decisions.
As a result the leaders assume greater power to make decisions in the name of the party.
Since one or few leaders exercise paramount power in the party, those who disagree with the leadership find it difficult to continue in the party.
More than loyalty to party principles and policies, personal loyalty to the leader becomes more important.
In many parties, the top positions are always controlled by members of one family.
This is unfair to other members of that party.
This is also bad for democracy, since people who do not have adequate experience or popular support come to occupy positions of power.
This tendency is present in some measure all over the world, including in some of the older democracies.
Money and Muscle Power:
Since parties are focussed only on winning elections, they tend to use short-cuts to win elections.
They tend to nominate those candidates who have or can raise lots of money.
Rich people and companies who give funds to the parties tend to have influence on the policies and decisions of the party.
In some cases, parties support criminals who can win elections.
Democrats all over the world are worried about the increasing role of rich people and big companies in democratic politics.
Being a Meaningful Choice:
In order to offer meaningful choice, parties must be significantly different.
In recent years there has been a decline in the ideological differences among parties in most parts of the world.
In our country the differences among all the major parties on the economic policies have reduced.
Those who want really different policies have no option available to them.
Sometimes people cannot even elect very different leaders either, because the same set of leaders keep shifting from one party to another.