What was the condition of madras during colonial rule 10-15 sentences
- In the late eighteenth century, Madras emerged as one of the Presidencies during the colonial rule.
- With the establishment of railways in India, Madras was well connected with other Presidencies – Bombay and Calcutta.
- Consequently trade flourished in the surroundings of the city also.
- When Arthur Lawley was the Governor of madras, he encouraged establishment of industrial units, railways, modern agriculture and education.
- The city developed into a main naval station and a significant administrative region in South India during the British rule.
- However, the residing places of Indians and the British were divided.
- The British lived in the ‘white areas’ or ‘white town’ i.e. the areas in and around the Fort St. George.
- ‘Black areas’ or ‘black town’ emerged outside the white town where Indians lived.