What were the social causes for the revolt of 1857?

A. Change in pattern of trade and commerce 
During the first two hundred years of its rule , the British East India Company confined its activities to trade and commerce. But in the 18th century the pattern of trade underwent a drastic change. With the onset of the the industrial revolution in England, many new industries came up and the dependance on Indian textiles came to an end. India became a raw material producing country and raw material which was purchased from India at very low costs was processed into finished goods in the factories in England and then exported back to India. British traders made enormous profits in this two way trade.

B. Ruination of Artisans and Craftsmen

C. Disgruntled Zamindars and Taluqdars
The estates of many landlords were taken over by the East India Company when the native provinces came under the company's dominion. The estates of 21,000 Taluqdars were confiscated when Oudh was annexed. The dispossesed landlords found themselves without a source on income, ashamed to beg,unable to work and thus condemned to penury.

D. Disbanded soldiers were seething with anger and were determined to revenge.

E. Activities Of Missionaries
The Indians had a lurking suspicion in their minds that they would be converted to Christianity under the new regime. CHurches and chaplains were established at Govt. expenses , even civil and military officers propogated the Christian gospel.

F. New Laws
The introduction of certain laws unsettled the mind of the Indians. Some of them were :
Sati Ban Act
Widow Remarriage Act
They even looked upon the reforming zeal of British officials with suspicion. They were against introduction of railways as all the castes would have to travel in the same compartment. They were shocked when a law was passed allowing Hindu converts to Christianity to inherit their ancestral property.

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the intervension of the british in people's religious believes and religious practices

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What is the immediate and religious causes of the mutiny?
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A. Change in pattern of trade and commerce?
During the first two hundred years of its rule , the British East India Company confined its activities to trade and commerce. But in the 18th century the pattern of trade underwent a drastic change. With the onset of the the industrial revolution in England, many new industries came up and the dependance on Indian textiles came to an end. India became a raw material producing country and raw material which was purchased from India at very low costs was processed into finished goods in the factories in England and then exported back to India. British traders made enormous profits in this two way trade.

B. Ruination of Artisans and Craftsmen

C. Disgruntled Zamindars and Taluqdars
The estates of many landlords were taken over by the East India Company when the native provinces came under the company's dominion. The estates of 21,000 Taluqdars were confiscated when Oudh was annexed. The dispossesed landlords found themselves without a source on income, ashamed to beg,unable to work and thus condemned to penury.

D. Disbanded soldiers were seething with anger and were determined to revenge.

E. Activities Of Missionaries
The Indians had a lurking suspicion in their minds that they would be converted to Christianity under the new regime. CHurches and chaplains were established at Govt. expenses , even civil and military officers propogated the Christian gospel.

F. New Laws
The introduction of certain laws unsettled the mind of the Indians. Some of them were :
Sati Ban Act
Widow Remarriage Act
They even looked upon the reforming zeal of British officials with suspicion. They were against introduction of railways as all the castes would have to travel in the same compartment. They were shocked when a law was passed allowing Hindu converts to Christianity to inherit their ancestral property.
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Sepoys were unhappy because they were given less money and also they were conquering their own motherland (INDIA)!!!!
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Hi
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(1) Political and administrative,

(2) Economic,

(3) Social and religious, and

(4) Military and the immediate affair of greased cartridges.
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Because rumour that cartidges are made of cows and pigs fat.
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the britisheres said to sepoy that they have to use cartridges coated with fat of pig and cow
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  • Racial discrimination was the prime factor. Indians suffered badly in the hands of the Europeans. There was visible racial exploitation wherein Indians were not allowed to mix with the Europeans. There was discrimination that was also carried out at the public places. This generated gross discontentment against the domination of the whites in India.

 

  • The British were also circumspect about interfering in the religious and cultural affairs of Indians. And that if there was to be any interference in their religious and cultural affairs, then that would generate widespread revolts against the British rule and the newly established British rule would be uprooted very easily.

 

  • Until 1800, the British were thus not keen to interfere in the social and religious affairs of Indians. But, in the beginning of the 19th Century, when some entrepreneurial Indians came forward, the British began to support their bid of social reforms by the methods of legislation.

 

  • Thus, it can be summarized that Indians began to doubt the objectives of the British since the advent of these legislations. Some glaring examples of this period are the 1813 Charter Act which conservative Indians viewed as an imposition of Christianity over them. Therefore, they sharply reacted.
  • At the same time, when some of the social legislations were passed, like, the abolition of Sati, 1829 was passed by Lord William Bentinck (which was implemented across all presidencies across British India), Prohibition of human sacrifice, and abolition of child marriage, widow remarriage, etc. were all understood by Indians as a bid to impose Christianity over them.

 

  • Therefore, in the first half of the 19th Century, the British proposal of social reform through the means of legislation- although it was directed towards the acceptability of British rule over India, but conservative sections viewed this as an imposition of Christianity over them.
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  • Racial discrimination was the prime factor. Indians suffered badly in the hands of the Europeans. There was visible racial exploitation wherein Indians were not allowed to mix with the Europeans. There was discrimination that was also carried out at the public places. This generated gross discontentment against the domination of the whites in India.

 

  • The British were also circumspect about interfering in the religious and cultural affairs of Indians. And that if there was to be any interference in their religious and cultural affairs, then that would generate widespread revolts against the British rule and the newly established British rule would be uprooted very easily.

 

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Changes in the policies of the British after the suppression of the rebellion of 1857:

(i)?British Crown took over the control of administration?? The British Parliament passed an Act in 1859, under which, the powers of the East India Company were transferred to the British Crown. The British government was now directly responsible for ruling India.

(ii)?Provided a sense of security to the local rulers?? The ruling chiefs of the country were assured that their territories would never be annexed by the British. However, they had to swear allegiance to the British crown. They also abolished the Doctrine of Lapse, thereby allowing rulers to pass on their kingdoms to adopted sons.

(iii)?Provided a sense of security to landowners?? Policies were made to protect landlords and?zamindars, and give them security of rights over their lands.

(iv)?Reorganised the army? The proportion of Indian soldiers in the army was reduced and the number of European soldiers in the army was increased.

(v)?Treated the Muslims with suspicion and hostility?? Considering them to be responsible for the rebellion in a big way, the British confiscated the land and property of Muslims on a large scale.

(vi)?Promised non-interference in the sphere of religion?? The British assured the people of India that their religious and social practises would be respected and not interfered with.
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Plyy upvote

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Hellow friend's

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the main cause of the revolt of 1857 was because the british had introduced a nwe rifle ,to shoot you have to remove the catrige with their mouth which was covered in pig and cow fat grease 
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The social causes of the Revolt of 1857 were:

  • The British introduced railways, post and telegraph in India. Such innovations were alien to the Indians, who became fearful of the British intentions.
  • The British followed a policy of RACIAL DISCRIMINATION and looked down upon the Indians. They did not interact with the Indians and humiliated them.
  • The judicial system introduced by the British was based on equality. Though the law was different for Europeans, all Indians were considered equal before law. This was believed to be an attempt to undermine the caste system and privileges of the upper class.

These were some of the points which caused the Revolt of the 1857. I hope you will be satisfied with the Answer To your Question

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