which of the following diseases are protozoan in origin?

dengue, malaria, kala-azar,hiv-aids

suggest any two ways to prevent being infectd by protozoa.

The diseases that are caused by protozoa

Malaria – Plasmodium sp

Kala – azar – Leishmania sp

 

The protozoan infections can be prevented

  • By controlling the spread of insects like mosquitoes, flies etc. that act as the carrier of disease causing protozoa.
  • By maintaining personal as well as community hygiene to prevent the infection of protozoa like Emtamoeba  causing dysentery.

 

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 kala-azar

Preventive measures to reduce the prevalence of kala-azar include a strategy combining the following three approaches;

  • Measures to prevent or control vector using insecticides such as permethrin. Permethrin-impregnated fabrics (bed nets and curtains) or insecticides paints in a slow release emulsifiable solution can help to prevent the transmission of the disease. The production and use of these tools is being encouraged at the national level for prevention of kala-azar.
  • Early and prompt diagnosis and treatment can help to prevent the evolution to overt disease and reduce morbidity and mortality. In addition it will reduce the parasite load and transmission rate of the parasite.
  • Health education of physicians and people living in areas where kala-azar is prevalent regarding transmission, clinical features of the disease and treatment, modes of prevention can be an
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  • hope iy helps u....effective control strategy.

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kala-azar

 

Preventive measures to reduce the prevalence of kala-azar include a strategy combining the following three approaches;

  1. Measures to prevent or control vector using insecticides such as permethrin. Permethrin-impregnated fabrics (bed nets and curtains) or insecticides paints in a slow release emulsifiable solution can help to prevent the transmission of the disease. The production and use of these tools is being encouraged at the national level for prevention of kala-azar.
  2. Early and prompt diagnosis and treatment can help to prevent the evolution to overt disease and reduce morbidity and mortality. In addition it will reduce the parasite load and transmission rate of the parasite.
  3. Health education of physicians and people living in areas where kala-azar is prevalent regarding transmission, clinical features of the disease and treatment, modes of prevention can be an effective control strategy.

hope it helps u....

 

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