why did the british introduce commercial agriculture in india how did the production of opium indigo and sugar shot up the profit margins of the east india company

The British had come to India as traders. They were looking for profitable trading opportunities. Hence, they introduced the cultivation of cash crops like opium, tea and indigo as they could make large profits by trading these crops.

For example, indigo was exported to Europe to manufacture indigo dye which was used in the textile factories of Europe. Opium was exported to China in return for tea. Sugar was exported to Europe for use as a sweetener.

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as it says, 'commercial' ..... its obvious, for money. those times sugar and indigo were at high price.

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