why is there a scarcity of water?
Some of the major reasons behind water scarcity are:
- Increase in population need increased food production which in turn need more water for irrigation.
- Increasing construction/ infrastructure and urbanization activity need water for formation.
- Climatic change and variability- Depleting of natural resources due to changing climate conditions (Deforestation etc.) leads to decrease in rainfall which leads to water scarcity.
- Lack of implementation of effective water management systems.
- Over exploitation of the ground water more than it recharge.
- Disputes and irregularities in sharing water of the rivers going through neighbouring states.
- Increase in water pollution decreases the avaliability of fresh water.
Water is an essential resource for life and good health. A lack of water to meet daily needs is a reality today for one in three people around the world.
Globally, the problem is getting worse as cities and populations grow, and the needs for water increase in agriculture, industry and households.
This fact file highlights the health consequences of water scarcity, its impact on daily life and how it could impede international development. It urges everyone to be part of efforts to conserve and protect the resource.