Write a note on battle of buxar?
The Battle of Buxar took place in 1764 A.D. This battle was fought between Mir Quasim, The Nawab of Bengal and the English. Mir Quasim was made the Nawab of Bengal by the English. He was an able ruler and wanted to improve the condition of Bengal. He tried to check tax free trade by the English.
The English got annoyed over this issue and a battle took place between the two. Mir Quasim could not face the English and ran for shelter to the Nawab of Awadh, Shuja-ud-Daulah. The Mughal emperor Shah Alam was also staying in Awadh those days. Shah Alam and Shuja-ud-Daulah , the Nawab of Awadh, promised to help Mir Quasim. Their combined army marched against the English and a fierce battle took place on 22nd October 1764 A.D at Buxar. The Nawab of Awadh and Shah Alam were defeated after some fighting. Mir Quasim was also defeated and was dethroned.
The Battle of Buxar was fought on 22 October 1764 between the forces under the command of the British East India Companyled by Hector Munro, and the combined armies of Mir Qasim, the Nawab of Bengal; Shuja-ud-Daula the Nawab of Awadh; theMughal Emperor Shah Alam II. The battle fought at Buxar, then within the territory of Bengal, a town located on the bank of theGanges river, was a decisive victory for the British East India Company.The company sent in relief troops from Fort St. George of the Madras headquarters. The troops led by Robert Clive and Admiral Watson retook Calcutta on 2nd January, 1757. The treaty of Alinagar was signed between the Nawab and the Company.
However Clive's military ambitions were on the ascendancy. His troops captured the French settlement of Chandernagore. He tempted Siraj's uncle Mir Jafar to ally with him in exchange for the Nawab's position. On 23rd June, 1757, the Company troops marched against Siraj. Betrayed by his own men Siraj was defeated in the Battle of Plassey, which is said to have lasted only a few hours. He was soon assassinated in his capital Murshidabad. From being traders, the Company turned kingmakers in Bengal and Mir Jafar was installed as the new Nawab. Clive got his pound of flesh from the Nawab in terms of 234,000 pounds and was awarded an annual salary of 30,000 pounds per year. This made him one of the richest Britons in the world. The company also secures rights over a large area south of Calcutta. Construction of a new Fort William was started and was completed in 16 years in 1773. These events led to the rise of Calcutta and the decline of Murshidabad.