write a short note on the 1875 revolt?
The first revolt for independene was known as as Sepoy mutiny and it was in the year 1857 ( not in 1875).
India's First War of Independence 1857: It is termed Sepoy Riots by the British was an attempt to unite India against the invading British and to restore power to the Mogul emperor Bahadur Shah. The resistance disintegrated primarily due to lack of leadership and unity on the part of Indians, as also to cruel suppression by the British Army. It was a remarkable event in Indian history and marked the end of the Mughal empire and sealed India's fate as a British colony for the next 100 years. The violence started on May 10, 1857 in Meerut, when Pandey, a soldier in the Army shot his commander for forcing the Indian troops to use the controversial rifles. Indians constituted 96% of the 300,000 British Army and the violence against British quickly spread (Hence the name Sepoy Mutiny). The local chiefs encouraged scattered revolts in hopes of regaining their lost privileges.
Causes for the Revolt :There were many causes that ultimately lead to this revolt. For the sake of convenience they can divided into the following categories.
A. Change in pattern of trade and commerce
B. Ruination of Artisans and Craftsmen
C. Disgruntled Zamindars and Taluqdars
D. Disbanded soldiers were seething with anger and were determined to revenge.
E. Activities Of Missionaries F. New Laws
B. British disregard of treaties and pledges
C. Exposure of myth of British Invincibilty
B. Deprivation of foreign service allowance (Bhatta)
C. General Services Enlistment Act D. Enfield Rifles