Write the principles of treatment of diseases.

There are two ways to treat an infectious disease:

  1. To reduce the effects of the disease.
  2. To kill the cause of the disease.

For first we can take medicine that bring down fever, reduce pain or loose motions. We can take bed rest.

In the second way ew take medicines which will block the pathways of some biochemical life process which is peculiar to the pathogen.

Hope this helps you. Good luck$%

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there are 2 ways one general and one specific to each disease

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Basically two approaches are adopted to treat an infectious disease. These are:

  1. To reduce the effects of the disease: Depending on the symptoms, taking medicines to reduce fever or pain and complete rest should be taken to conserve energy. But it will not kill the disease causing organisms like bacteria, virus or fungi or protozoan.
  2. To kill the cause of the disease: For the complete recovery it is essential that medicines specific to disease causing microbes are taken. For example, treating of bacterial diseases, medicines or antibiotics that block the bacterial synthesis without affecting their own have to be taken by the patient. There are drugs that kill protozoan such as malarial parasite. But viruses have their own biochemical mechanisms. They enter human cells and use human machinery for their life processes. Antiviral drugs are available now like drug against HIV infection.
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Reference to the causes which have been indicated will at once suggest that the remedies required may be purely local, or constitutional, or a combination of the two. In the case of purely local affections, such as the irritation excited by irritants, erythema, simple eczema, and parasitic diseases, local applications will usually suffice, although even in such cases it will have to be borne in mind that the state of the system will materially influence the progress of the disease, and certain changes of diet, or regulations as to exercise and work, may be expedient, if not absolutely necessary. All forms of skin disease which come under the headof acute specific disorders - variola, horse-pox, urticaria from indigestion, medicinal rashes,lead poisoning, nerve diseases, and others of a like kind - will be dealt with by constitutional means; the employment of local remedies will be admissible as palliatives, as, for example, where the itching from medicinal rashes, neurotic diseases, sympathetic pruritus renders the animal restless and sometimes prevents it from taking its food
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nach fir answer mil jayega
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this answer helps me
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1.To reduce the effecys of the disease 2.To kill the cause of the disease
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Treatment refers to the process of curing a disease or infection to bring back the organism to his normal health. Basic five principles for treating a disease are: 1) To reduce the symptoms of the disease. This is done by medicine, surgery, injection etc to relieve the patient from pain and suffering. 2) To remove the cause of disease. Removing the cause will result in avoiding the infection to spread further in the body of the patient. 3) To prevent the spread of the disease from infected individual to the healthy one. 4) To make the patient healthy again by helping him to overcome the effects of the disease like weakness etc. 5) To prevent the reappearance of the disease by vaccinating the person for that disease.
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A disease can be treated either by reducing the effect of the disease or by killing the cause of the disease.

Every infectious disease shows some characteristic symptoms in the form of inflammation, fever or chills. In order to reduce the effect of a disease, one can take medicines. Medicines reduce the symptoms associated with the disease.

Symptom-directed treatment does not help to kill pathogens associated with the disease. Pathogenic microbes can be killed by using medicines or antibiotics. The drug used against different groups of pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, protozoa, fungi etc. would be different. The drug or the medicine should kill the pathogen, without affecting the metabolism of the host. Antibiotics can be used to cure bacterial infections as these chemical compounds block the important biochemical pathways of bacteria.

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how do antibiotics inhabit the growth of microorganisms 
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