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Sustainable Management of Natural Resources

Need for Management of Natural Resources

Forests are rich in biodiversity, and are also a very important resource for human beings. Various life forms such as bacteria, fungus, ferns, flowering plants, insects, birds, reptiles etc. are abundantly found in forests. If the biodiversity of forests is lost, then it will have a negative impact on the ecological balance of our environment. We also use many products obtained from forests to meet our day-to-day needs.

The following table shows how forests are used in several ways to meet our needs.

By individuals People who live in and around forests depend on forests for their day-to-day needs.
Many people in villages still use firewood from forests to light fires for cooking food and other purposes.
People use products made from timber, jute, teak, etc., which are obtained from forests.
Nature and wildlife enthusiasts enjoy visiting forests for its wildlife and scenic beauty.
By the government The government owns forest land and makes regulations for the use of valuable resources such as timber, sandalwood jute, etc.
Forests are a high source of revenue for the government.
By industries The wood pulp used in paper industry comes from forests.
Tendu leaves are used in the tobacco industry.
Timber, bamboo etc. are used as raw materials for making furniture.
Natural rubber or latex obtained from the rubber tree is used for making many products.

Thus, individuals, governments, and industries are rightly called the stakeholders of forests as they are the main users of forests.

As a result of such a huge dependence on forest resources, forests are increasingly being exploited by humans for their needs. This is leading to a fast depletion of the forest cover. The exploitation of forest resources causes a loss of biodiversity, which adversely affects the balance of the ecosystem.

Biodiversity includes all marine and terrestrial organisms living in an area.

The biodiversity of an area is measured by counting the number of species found in that area. All organisms found in an area form an important part of the biodiversity of that area.

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