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# Board Paper of Class 12-Commerce 2015 Accountancy Delhi(SET 1) - Solutions

General Instructions:
1) This question paper contains two parts A and B.
2) Part A is compulsory for all.
3) Part B has two options-Financial statement Analysis and Computerised Accounting.
4) Attempt only one option of Part B.
5) All parts of a question should be attempted at one place.

Section A
i. This section consists of 17 questions.
ii. All the questions are compulsory.
iii. Question Nos. 1 to 6 are very short-answer questions carrying 1 mark each.
iv. Question Nos. 7 to 10 carry 3 marks each.
v. Question Nos. 11 and 12 carry 4 marks each.
vi. Question Nos. 13 to 15 carry 6 marks each.
vii. Question Nos. 16 and 17 carry 8 marks each.

Section B
i. This section consists of 6 questions.
ii. All questions are compulsory
iii. Question Nos. 18 and 19 are very short-answer questions carrying 1 mark each.
iv. Question Nos. 20 to 22 carry 4 marks.
v. Question No. 23 carries 6 marks.

• Question 1
In the absence of partnership deed the profits of a firm are divided among the partners :

(a) In the ratio of capital
(b) Equally
(c) In the ratio of time devoted for the firm's business
(d) According to the managerial abilities of the partners VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 2
A, B, C and D were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 4 : 3 : 2 : 1. On 1-1-2015 they admitted E as a new partner for $\frac{1}{10}$ share in the profits. E brought Rs 10,000 for his share of goodwill premium which was correctly recorded in the books by the accountant. The accountant showed goodwill at Rs 1,00,000 in the books. Was the accountant correct in doing so? Give reason in support of your answer. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 3
On the retirement of Hari from the firm of 'Hari, Ram and Sharma' the balance-sheet showed a debit balance of Rs 12,000 in the profit and loss account. For calculating the amount payable to Hari this balance will be transferred
(a) to the credit of the capital accounts of Hari, Ram and Sharma equally
(b) to the debit of the capital accounts of Hari, Ram and Sharma equally
(c) to the debit of the capital accounts of Ram and Sharma equally
(d) to the credit of the capital accounts of Ram and Sharma equally VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 4

Kumar, Verma and Naresh were partners in a firm sharing profit & loss in the ratio of 3 : 2 : 2. On 23rd January, 2015 Verma died. Verma's share of profit till the date of his death was calculated at Rs 2,350.
Pass necessary journal entry for the same in the books of the firm.

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 5
Give the meaning of forfeiture of shares. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 6

Joy Ltd. issued 1,00,000 equity shares of Rs 10 each. The amount was payable as follows :

On application − Rs 3 per share
On allotment − Rs 4 per share.
On 1st and final call − balance
Applications for 95,000 shares were received and shares were allotted to all the applicants. Sonam to whom 500 shares were allotted failed to pay allotment money and Gautam paid his entire amount due including the amount due on first and final call on the 750 shares allotted to him along with allotment. The amount received on allotment was

(a) Rs 3,80,000
(b) Rs 3,78,000
(c) Rs 3,80,250
(d) Rs 4,00,250

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 7
State any three purposes other than 'issue of bonus shares' for which securities premium can be utilized. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 8

On 1-4-2013 Jay and Vijay, entered into partnership for supplying laboratory equipments to government schools situated in remote and backward areas. They contributed capitals of Rs 80,000 and Rs 50,000 respectively and agreed to share the profits in the ratio 3 : 2. The partnership deed provided that interest on capital shall be allowed at 9% per annum. During the year the firm earned a profit of Rs 7,800.
Showing your calculations clearly, prepare 'Profit and Loss Appropriation Account' of Jay and Vijay for the year ended 31-3-2014.

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 9

'Tractors India Ltd.' is registered with an authorized capital of Rs 10,00,000 divided into 1,00,000 equity shares of Rs 10 each. The company issued 50,000 equity shares at a premium of Rs 5 per share. Rs 2 per share were payable with application, Rs 8 per share including premium on allotment and the balance amount on first and final call. The issue was fully subscribed and all the amount due was received except the first and final call money on 500 shares allotted to Balaram.
Present the 'Share Capital' in the Balance Sheet of 'Tractors India Ltd.' as per Schedule VI Part I of the Companies Act, 1956, Also prepare Notes to Accounts for the same.

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 10

'Sangam Woollens Ltd.', Ludhiana, are the manufactures and exporters of woollen garments. The company decided to distribute free of cost woollen garments to 10 villages of Lahaul and Spiti District of Himachal Pradesh. The company also decided to employ 50 young persons from these village in its newly established factory. The company issued 40,000 equity shares of Rs 10 each and 1,000 9% debentures of Rs 100 each to the vendors for the purchase of machinery of Rs 5,00,000.
Pass necessary Journal Entries. Also identify any one value that the company wants to communicate to the society.

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 11

Dev, Swati and Sanskar were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 2 : 2 : 1. On 31-3-2014 their Balance Sheet was as follows :

 Liabilities Amount Rs Assets Amount Rs Trade payables 17,000 Building 1,04,000 Bank Loan 13,000 Inventory 16,000 Capitals : Trade Receivables 23,000 Dev 77,000 Cash 40,000 Swati 37,000 Profit & Loss A/c 57,000 Sanskar 46,000 2,10,000 2,40,000 2,40,000

On 30th June, 2014 Dev died. According to partnership agreement Dev was entitled to interest on capital at 12% per annum. His share of profit till the date of his death was to be calculated on the basis of the average profits of last four years. The profit of the last four years were:
 Years Profit      Rs 2010-2011 2011-2012 2012-2013 2013-2014 (Loss) 2,04,000 1,80,000    90,000    57,000

On 1-4-2014, Dev withdrew Rs 15,000 to pay for his medical bills.
Prepare Dev's account to be presented to his executors.

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 12

Kumar, Gupta and Kavita were partners in a firm sharing profits and losses equally. The firm was engaged in the storage and distribution of canned juice and its godowns were located at three different places in the city. Each godown was being managed individually by Kumar, Gupta and Kavita. Because of increase in business activities at the godown managed by Gupta, he had devote more time. Gupta demanded that his share in the profits of the firm be increased, to which Kumar and Kavita agreed. The new profit sharing ratio was agreed to be 1 : 2 : 1. For this purpose the goodwill of the firm was valued at two years purchase of the average profits of last five years. The profits of the last five years were as follows :

 Year Profit (Rs) I 4,00,000 II 4,80,000 III 7,33,000 IV (Loss) 33,000 V 2,20,000

You are required to :
(i) Calculate the goodwill of the firm.
(ii) Pass necessary Journal Entry for the treatment of goodwill on change in profit sharing ratio of Kumar, Gupta and Kavita,

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 13

On 1-4-2010 Sahil and Charu entered into partnership for sharing profits in the ratio of 4 : 3. They admitted Tanu as a new partner on 1-4-2012 for $\frac{1}{5}\mathrm{th}$ share which she acquired equally from Sahil and Charu. Sahil, Charu and Tanu earned profits at a higher rate than the normal rate of return for the year ended 31-3-2013. Therefore, they decided to expand their business. To meet the requirements of additional capital they admitted Puneet as a new partner on 1-4-2013 for $\frac{1}{7}\mathrm{th}$ share in profits which he acquired from Sahil and Charu in 7 : 3 ratio.
Calculate:
(i) New profit sharing ratio of Sahil, Charu and Tanu for the year 2012-13.
(ii) New profit sharing ratio of Sahil, Charu, Tanu and Puneet on Puneet's admission.

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 14

Bharat Ltd. had an authorized capital of Rs 20,00,000 divided into 2,00,000 equity shares of Rs 10 each. The company issued 1,00,000 shares and the dividend paid per share was Rs 2 for the year ended 31-3-2008. The management of the company decided to export its products to the neighbouring countries Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. To meet the requirement of additional funds the financial manager of the company put up the following three alternatives before its Board of Directors :

(i) Issue 54,000 equity shares.
(ii) Obtain a loan from Import and Export Bank of India. The loan was available at 12% per annum interest.
(iii) To issue 9% Debentures at a discount of 10%.
After comparing the available alternatives the company decided on 1-4-2008 to issue 6,000 9% debentures of Rs 100 each at a discount of 10%. These debentures were redeemable in four instalments starting from the end of third year. The amount of debentures to be redeemed at the end of third, fourth, fifth and sixth year was as follows :

 Year Profit Rs III 1,00,000 IV 1,00,000 V 2,00,000 VI 2,00,000

Prepare 9% Debentures Account for the year 2008-09 to 2013-14.

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 15

Bora, Singh and Ibrahim were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 5 : 3 : 1. On 2-3-2015 their firm was dissolved. The assets were realized and the liabilities were paid off. Given below are the Realisation Account, Partners' Capital Account and Bank Account of the firm. The accountant of the firm left a few amounts unposted in these accounts. You are required to complete these accounts by posting the correct amounts.

 Realisation Account Dr. Cr. Particulars Amount Rs Particulars Amount Rs To Stock 10,000 By Provision of bad debts 5,000 To Debtors 25,000 By Sundry Creditors 16,600 To Plant and Machinery 40,000 By Bills Payable 3,400 To Bank: By Mortgage Loan 15,000 Sundry Creditors 16,000 By Bank-assets realized : 30,600 Bills Payable 3,400 Stock 6,700 Mortgage Loan 15,000 34,400 Debtors 12,500 To Bank (Outstanding repairs) 400 Plant & Machinery 36,000 55,200 To Bank (Exp.) 620 By Bank-unrecorded assets realized 6,220 By ________ – 1,10,420 1,10,420

 Capital Accounts Dr. Cr. Particulars Bora Rs Singh Rs Ibrahim Rs Particulars Bora Rs Singh Rs Ibrahim Rs – – – – By Balance b/d 22,000 18,000 10,000 – – – – By General Reserve 2,500 1,500 500 24,500 19,500 10,500 24,500 19,500 10,500

 Bank Account Dr. Cr. Particulars Amount Rs Particulars Amount Rs To Balance b/d 19,500 By Relaisation (liabilities) 34,400 To Realisation (assets realized) 55,200 By Realisation (unrecorded liabilities) 400 ________________ ____ By ____________ ____ By ____________ ____ 80,920 80,920
VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 16

Alfa Ltd. invited applications for issuing 75,000 equity shares of Rs 10 each. The amount was payable as follows :

On application and allotment − Rs 4 per share.
On first call − Rs 3 per share
On second and final call − balance.

Application for 1,00,000 shares were received. Shares were allotted to all the applicants on pro-rata basis and excess money received with applications was transferred towards sums due on first call. Vibha who was allotted 750 shares failed to pay the first call. Her shares were immediately forfeited. Afterwards the second call was made. The amount due on second call was also received except on 1000 shares, applied by Monika. Her shares were also forfeited. All the forfeited shares were re-issued to Mohit for Rs 9,000 as fully paid up.

Pass necessary journal entries in the books of Alfa Ltd. for the above transactions.

OR

Jeevan Dhara Ltd. invited applications for issuing 1,20,000 equity shares of Rs 10 each at a premium of Rs 2 per share. The amount was payable as follows :

On application − Rs 2 per share.
On allotment − Rs 5 per share (including premium)
On first and final call − balance.

Applications for 1,50,000 share were received. Shares were allotted to all the applicants on pro-rata basis. Excess money received on applications was adjusted towards sums due on allotment. All calls were made. Manu who has applied for 3,000 share failed to pay the amount due on allotment and first and final call. Madhur who was allotted 2,400 shares failed to pay the first and final call. Shares of both Manu and Madhur were forfeited. The forfeited shares were re-issued at Rs 9 per share as fully paid up.

Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of Jeevan Dhara Ltd.

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 17

Charu and Harsha were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 3 : 2. On 1-4-2014 their Balance Sheet was as follows :

 Balance Sheet of Charu and Harsha as on 1-4-2014 Liabilities Amount Rs Assets Amount Rs Creditors 17,000 Cash 6,000 General Reserve 4,000 Debtors 15,000 Workmen Compensation Fund 9,000 Investments 20,000 Investment Fluctuation Fund 11,000 Plant 14,000 Provision for bad debts 2,000 Land and Building 38,000 Capitals : Charu 30,000 Harsha 20,000 50,000 93,000 93,000

On the above date Vaishali was admitted for 1/4th share in the profits of the firm on the following terms :

(a) Vaishali will bring Rs 20,000 for her capital and Rs 4,000 for her share of goodwill premium.
(b) All debtors were considered good.
(c) The market value of investments was Rs 15,000.
(d) There was a liability of Rs 6,000 for workmen compensation.
(e) Capital accounts of Charu and Harsha are to be adjusted on the basis of Vaishali's capital by opening current accounts.

Prepare Revaluation Account and Partners' Capital Accounts.

OR

Amit, Balan and Chander were partners in a firm sharing profits in the proportion of respectively. Chander retired on 1-4-2014. The Balance Sheet of the firm on the date of Chander's retirement was as follows :

 Balance Sheet of Amit, Balan and Chander as on 1-4-2014 Liabilities Amount Rs Assets Amount Rs Sundry Creditors 12,600 Bank 4,100 Provident Fund 3,000 Debtors 30,000 General Reserve 9,000 Less : Provision 1,000 29,000 Capitals : Stock 25,000 Amit 40,000 Investments 10,000 Balan 36,500 Patents 5,000 Chander 2,000 96,500 Machinery 48,000 1,21,100 1,21,100

It was agreed that :
(a) Goodwill will be valued at Rs 27,000.
(b) Depreciation of 10% was to be provided on machinery.
(c) Patents were to be reduced by 20%.
(d) Liability on account of Provident Fund was estimated at Rs 2,400.
(e) Chander took over investments for Rs 15,800.
(f) Amit and Balan decided to adjust their capitals in proportion of their profit sharing ratio by opening current accounts.

Prepare Revaluation Account and Partners' Capital Accounts on Chander's retirement.

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 18
Which of the following transactions will result into 'Flow of Cash' ?
(a) Deposited Rs 10,000 into bank.
(b) Withdrew cash from bank Rs 14,500.
(c) Sale of machinery of the book value of Rs 74,000 at a loss of Rs 9,000.
(d) Converted Rs 2,00,000 9% debentures into equity shares. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 19

While preparing the 'Cash Flow Statement' the accountant of Gulfam Ltd., a financing company showed 'Dividend received on Investments' as 'Investing Activity'. Was he correct in doing so ? Give reason.

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 20

Under which major headings the following items will be presented in the Balance sheet of a company as per Schedule VI Part I of the Companies Act, 1956 ?
(i) Loans provided repayable on demand
(ii) Goodwill
(iv) Loose tools
(v) Cheques
(vi) General Reserve
(vii) Stock of finished goods and
(viii) 9% Debentures repayable after three years

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 21
From the following information related to Naveen Ltd. calculate (a) Return on Investment and (b) Total Assets to Debt Ratio.

Information : Fixed Assets Rs 75,00,000; Current Assets Rs 40,00,000; Current Liabilities Rs 27,00,000; 12% Debentures Rs 80,00,000 and Net Profit before Interest, Tax and Dividend Rs 14,50,000. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 22
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The motto of Yash Ltd., an advertising company is 'Service with Dignity'. Its management and work force is hard-working, honest and motivated. The net profit of the company doubled during the year ended 31-3-2014. Encouraged by its performance company decided to give one month extra salary to all its employees. Following is the Comparative Statement of Profit and Loss of the company for the years ended 31st March 2013 and 2014.

 Particulars Note No. 2012-13 Rs 2013-14 Rs Absolute Change Rs % Change Revenue from operations Less Employees benefit expenses Profit before tax Tax Rate 25% Profit after tax 10,00,000 6,00,000 4,00,000 1,00,000 3,00,000 15,00,000 7,00,000 8,00,000 2,00,000 6,00,000 5,00,000 1,00,000 4,00,000 1,00,000 3,00,000 50 16.67 100 100 100

(a) Calculate Net Profit Ratio for the years ending 31st March, 2013 and 2014.
(b) Identify any two values which Yash Ltd. is trying to propagate.

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 23

Following is the Balance Sheets of Thermal Power Ltd. as at 31-3-2014 :

 Particulars Note No. 2013-14 Rs 2012-13 Rs I. EQUITY AND LIABILITIES (1) Shareholders Funds (a) Share Capital 12,00,000 11,00,000 (b) Reserves and Surplus 1 3,00,000 2,00,000 (2) Non-Current Liabilities Long Term-Borrowings 2,40,000 1,70,000 (3) Current Liabilities (a) Trade Payables 1,79,000 2,04,000 (b) Short Term Provisions 50,000 77,000 Total 19,69,000 17,51,000 II. ASSETS (1) Non-current Assets (a) Fixed Assets (i) Tangible 2 10,70,000 8,50,000 (ii) Intangible 3 40,000 1,12,000 (2) Current Assets (a) Current-Investments 2,40,000 1,50,000 (b) Inventories 1,29,000 1,21,000 (c) Trade Receivables 1,70,000 1,43,000 (d) Cash and Cash-equivalents 3,20,000 3,75,000 Total 19,69,000 17,51,000

Notes to Accounts :

 S. No. Particulars 2013-14 Rs 2012-13 Rs 1. Reserves and Surplus Surplus (balance in statement of Profit and Loss) 3,00,000 2,00,000 2. Tangible Assets Machinery 12,70,000 10,00,000 Less : Accumulated Depreciation (2,00,000) (1,50,000) 3. Intangible Assets Goodwill 40,000 1,12,000

During the year a piece of machinery, costing Rs 24,000 on which accumulated depreciation was Rs 16,000, was sold for Rs 6,000.

Prepare Cash Flow Statement.

VIEW SOLUTION
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