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# Board Paper of Class 12-Commerce 2016 Accountancy Abroad(SET 1) - Solutions

General Instructions:

1) This question paper contains two parts A and B.

2) Part A is compulsory for all.

3) Part B has two options-Option-I Analysis of Financial Statements and Option-II Computerized Accounting.

4) Attempt only one option of Part B.

5) All parts of a question should be attempted at one place.

Section A

(i) This section consists of 17 questions.​

(ii) All the questions are compulsory.​

(iii) Question Nos. 1 to 6 are very short-answer questions carrying 1 mark each.​

(iv) Question Nos. 7 to 10 carry 3 marks each.​

(v) Question Nos. 11 and 12 carry 4 marks each.​

(vi) Question Nos. 13 to 15 carry 6 marks each.​

(vii) Question Nos. 16 and 17 carry 8 marks each.​

Section B

(i) This section consists of 6 questions.​

(ii) All questions are compulsory​

(iii) Question Nos. 18 and 19 are very short-answer questions carrying 1 mark each.​

(iv) Question Nos. 20 to 22 carry 4 marks.​

(v) Question No. 23 carries 6 marks.​

• Question 1
Name the Act that provides for the maximum number of partners in a partnership firm.What is the maximum number of partners that a partnership firm can have?  VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 2
Ram, Mohan and Sohan were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 5:3:2. They admitted Hari as a new partner for ${\frac{1}{5}}^{\mathrm{th}}$share in the profit which he acquired from Ram and Mohan in the ratio of 3:2. Calculate, the new profit sharing ratio of Ram, Mohan, Sohan and Hari. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 3
Distinguish between ‘Dissolution of partnership’ and ‘Dissolution of partnership firm’ on the basis of court’s intervention. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 4

State the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 for the creation of 'Debenture Redemption Reserve'.

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 5
On 15-1-2016 the first call of Rs 4 per share became due on 10,000 equity shares issued by New India Ltd. Aman a holder of 500 shares did not pay the first call money. Shanti a shareholder holding 600 shares paid the second and final call of Rs 3 per share along with the first call.
Pass the necessary journal entry for the amount received by opening ‘Calls-in-arrears’ and ‘Calls-in-advance’ account in the books of the company. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 6
A and B were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 4:5. During the year ended 31-3-2015 A withdrew Rs 19,000. Interest on A’s drawings was Rs 700.

Pass necessary Journal entry for charging interest on A’s drawings assuming that the capitals of the partners were fixed. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 7
TRK Ltd. issued 767,9% debentures of Rs 100 each on 1-1-2016. Pass necessary journal entries for the issue of debentures in the following situations:
(a) When debentures were issued at a discount of 3% and were redeemable at a premium of 7%.
(b) When debentures were issued at a premium of 4% and were redeemable at a premium of 9%. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 8
Why should assets and liabilities be revalued on the reconstitution of a partnership firm? Explain briefly giving examples. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 9
B’ Ltd. took over the assets of Rs 14,00,000 and liabilities of Rs 4,00,000 of C Ltd. for a purchase consideration of Rs 9,19,000. Rs 17,000 were paid by a bank draft in favour of C Ltd. and the balance was paid by issue of equity shares of Rs 10 each at a premium of 10% in favour of C Ltd.

Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of B Ltd. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 10
To provide employment to the youth and to develop a backward area of Jharkhand which is near one of the coal mines, Thermal Power Energies Ltd. decided to set-up a Thermal Power Plant of 500 mega watt capacities. The company decided to issue 10,00,000 equity shares of Rs 10 each at a premium of 70% to finance the project.

Applications for 17,00,000 shares were received. Applications for 5,00,000 shares were rejected and money refunded. Shares were allotted on pro-rata basis to the remaining applicants. The whole of share money was payable on application.

Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of the company and identify any two values which the company wants to convey to the society. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 11
E and F were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 7:3. On 1-4-2014 they admitted G as a new partner for 1/5th share in the profit with a guaranteed profit of Rs 60,000. The new profit sharing ratio between E and F will remain the same but they agreed to bear any deficiency on account of guarantee to G in the ratio of 3:7. The profit of the firm for the year ended 31-3-2015 was Rs 2,70,000.

Prepare Profit and Loss Appropriation Account of E, F and G for the year ended 31-3-2015. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 12
Geeta, Sita and Meeta were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 5:3:2. The firm closes its books on 31st March every year. On 30-6-2015 Geeta died. On that date her capital account showed a debit balance of Rs 5,000 and Goodwill of the firm was valued at Rs 3,70,000.
There was a debit balance of Rs 12,000 in the profit and loss account. Geeta’s share of profit in the year of her death was to be calculated on the basis of the average profit of last 5 years which was Rs 80,000.

Pass necessary journal entries in the books of the firm on Geeta’s death. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 13
K and P were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 7:5. On 31-1-2016 their firm was dissolved. After transferring assets (other than cash) and outsiders liabilities to the realization account, you are given the following information:
(a) Raman, a creditor for Rs 4,20,000 accepted building valued at Rs 8,00,000 and paid the balance to the firm by a cheque.
(b) Rajeev, a second creditor for Rs 1,70,000 accepted machinery valued at Rs 1,65,000 in full settlement of his claim.
(c) Ranjan, a third creditor for Rs 90,000 accepted investments of Rs 45,000 and a bank draft of Rs 43,000 in his favour in full settlement of his claim.
(d) P we appointed to do the work of dissolution for which he was allowed Rs 2,000. Actual expenses of dissolution Rs 2,400 were paid by P.

Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of K and P. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 14
Ajay, Aman and Anand were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 5:1:4. Their Balance Sheet as on 31-3-2015 was as follows:
 Balance Sheet of Ajay, Aman and Anand as on 31-3-2015 Liabilities Amount (Rs) Assets Amount (Rs) Creditors 1,47,000 Land 5,40,000 Bills Payable 33,000 Building 2,70,000 General reserve 2,10,000 Plant 1,90,000 Capitals: Stock 75,000 Ajay 5,00,000 Debtor 60,000 Aman 1,00,000 Bank 15,000 Anand 1,60,000 7,60,000 11,50,000 11,50,000

From 1-4-2015 Ajay, Aman and Anand decided to share future profits equally. For this it was agreed that:
(i) Goodwill of the firm be valued at Rs 1,80,000.
(ii) Land be revalued at Rs 6,00,000 and building be depreciated by 10%.
(iii) Creditors of Rs 15,000 were not likely to be claimed and hence be written-off.
Prepare Revaluation Account, Partners’ Capital Accounts and the Balance Sheet of the reconstituted firm. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 15
On 1-4-2013 NK Ltd. had 15,000, 9% Debentures of Rs 100 each outstanding.

(i) On 1-4-2014 the company purchased from the open market 5,000 of its own debentures for Rs 102 each and cancelled the same immediately.

(ii) On 1-4-2015 company redeemed at par debentures of Rs 3,00,000 by draw of lot.

(iii) On 17-2-2016 the remaining debentures were purchased for immediate cancellation for Rs 5,99,500.

Ignoring debenture redemption reserve and interest on debentures, pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of the company. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 16

JS Ltd. invited applications for issuing 80,000 equity shares of Rs 10 each at a premium of Rs 6 per share. The amount was payable as follows:

On application – Rs 4 per share (including premium Rs 1 per share)

On Allotment – Rs 6 per share (including premium Rs 3 per share)

On First and Final Call – Balance.

Applications for 1,60,000 shares were received. Applications for 40,000 shares were rejected and application money refunded. Shares were allotted on pro-rata basis to the remaining applicants. Excess money received with applications was adjusted towards sums due on allotment. Raman holding 400 shares failed to pay the allotment money. His shares were forfeited immediately after allotment. Afterwards the final call was made. Veer who had applied for 1,200 shares failed to pay the final call. His shares were also forfeited. Out of the forfeited shares 500 shares were re-issued at Rs 8 per share fully paid-up. The re-issued shares included all the forfeited shares of Raman.

Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of J.S. Ltd.

OR

 BOOKS OF RS LTD. JOURNAL Date Particulars L.F. Debit Amount (Rs) Credit Amount (Rs) 2015 Jan. 10 …………….. Dr. ………. To …………………… ………. (Application money received for 35,000 shares @ Rs 5 per share) Jan. 16 …………….. Dr. ………. To …………………… ………. To …………………… ………. To …………………… ………. To …………………… ………. (Transfer of share application money to share capital a/c, securities premium a/c, refunded for 4,000 shares for rejected applications and balance to share allotment as shares were allotted on pro-rata basis) Jan. 31 …………….. Dr. ………. To …………………… ………. (Amount due on allotment @ Rs 4 per share) Feb. 20 …………….. Dr. ………. To …………………… ………. (Balance amount received on allotment) April  01 …………….. Dr. ………. To …………………… ………. (First and final call money due) April 20 …………….. Dr. ………. Calls-in-arrears A/c. Dr. ………. To ………………. ………. (Money received on first and final call except on 500 shares) Aug. 27 …………….. Dr. ………. To ………………. ………. To ………………. ………. (Forfeited the shares on which first and final call money was not received) Oct. 3 …………….. Dr. ………. …………….. Dr. ………. To ………………. ………. (Re-issued the forfeited shares @ 8 per share fully paid-up) ………… ………….. Dr. ………. To ………….. ………. (.…………..…………..…………..)
VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 17
P, Q and R were partners in a firm sharing profit in the ratio of 3:2:1. On 31-3-2015 their Balance Sheet was as follows :
 Balance Sheet of P, Q and R as on 31-3-2015 Liabilities Amount (Rs) Assets Amount (Rs) Creditors 2,52,000 Bank 51,000 General Reserve 63,000 Debtors 69,000 Capitals: Stock 3,30,000 P 1,80,000 Investments 90,000 Q 1,20,000 Furniture 30,000 R 60,000 3,60,000 Machinery 1,05,000 6,75,000 6,75,000

On the above date S was admitted as a new partner and it was decided that :

(i) The new profit sharing ratio between P, Q, R and S will be 2:2:1:1.

(ii) Goodwill of the firm was valued at Rs 2,70,000 and S will bring his share of goodwill premium in cash.

(iii) The market value of investments was Rs 64,000.

(iv) Machinery will be reduced to Rs 87,000.

(v) A creditor of Rs 9,000 was not likely to claim the amount and hence to be written-off.

(vi) S will bring proportionate capital so as to give him 1/6th share in the profits of the firm.

Prepare Revaluation Account, Partners’ Capital Accounts and the Balance Sheet of P, Q, R and S.

OR

A, B and C were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 5 : 3 : 2. On 31-3-2015 their Balance Sheet was as follows:

 Balance Sheet of A, B and C as on 31-3-2015 Liabilities Amount (Rs) Assets Amount (Rs) Creditors 63,000 Land and Building 1,86,000 Investment Motor Vans 60,000 Fluctuation Fund 30,000 Investments 57,000 P & L Account 1,20,000 Machinery 36,000 Capitals: Stock 45,000 A 1,50,000 Debtors 1,20,000 B 1,20,000 Less: Provision 9,000 1,11,000 C 60,000 3,30,000 Cash 48,000 5,43,000 5,43,000

On the above date B retired and A and C agreed to continue the business on the following terms :

(1) Goodwill of the firm was valued at Rs 1,53,000.

(2) Provision for bad debts was to be reduced by Rs 3,000.

(3) There was a claim of Rs 12,000 for workmen compensation.

(4) B will be paid Rs 24,600 in cash and the balance will be transferred to his loan account which will be paid in four equal yearly instalments together with interest @ 10% p.a.

(5) The new profit sharing ratio between A and C will be 3:2 and their capital will be in their new profit sharing ratio. The capital adjustments will be done by opening current accounts.

Prepare Revaluation Account, Partners’ Capital Accounts and the Balance Sheet of A and C.

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 18
L Ltd. had purchased a machinery on deferred payment basis. During the year ended 31-3-2015 the company paid an installment of Rs 4,00,000 which included interest of Rs 4,000. Under which activity or activities payment of installment will be classified while preparing Cash flow Statement. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 19
'An enterprise may hold securities and loans for dealing or trading purposes in which case they are similar to inventory acquired specifically for resale.' Is the statement true? Cash flows from such activities will be classified under which type of activity while preparing 'Cash flow statement'. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 20
(a) List any four items that are shown under the sub-heading ‘Cash and Cash Equivalents’ as per Schedule III of the Companies Act, 2013.

(b) What is meant by a ‘Common Size Statement’? VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 21
(a) What is meant by 'Profitibility' of business?

(b) From the following details obtained  from the financial statements of JN Ltd. calculate 'interest coverage ratio'.
Net profit after tax Rs 2,00,000; 12% Long-Term Debt Rs 40,00,000; Rate of tax 40%. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 22
Following is the statement of Profit and Loss of DD Ltd. for the year ended 31-3-2015:

 Particulars Note No. 31-3-2015 (Rs) 31-3-2014 (Rs) Revenue from operations 75,00,000 34,00,000 Other Income 1,50,000 3,00,000 Employee benefit – – Expenses – 60% of total revenue – – Other expenses – 10% of employee benefit expenses Tax Rate 40% 50%

The motto of DD Ltd. is to produce and supply green energy in the rural areas of India. It has also taken up a project of constructing a road that will pass through five villages, so that these villages could be connected to the nearby town. It will use the local resources and employ local people for construction of the road.

You are required to prepare a comparative statement of Profit and Loss of DD Ltd. from the given statement of Profit and Loss. Also identify any two values that the company wishes to convey to the society.

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 23
Following is the Balance Sheet of SN Ltd. as at 31-3-2015 :
 SN Ltd. Balance Sheet as at 31-3-2015 Particulars Note No. 31-03-2015 (Rs) 31-03-2014 (Rs) I. Equity and Liabilities (1) Shareholders’ Funds : (a) Share Capital 2,50,000 2,00,000 (b) Reserves and Surplus 1 1,00,000 (25,000) (2) Non-current Liabilities : Long-term borrowings 2 2,25,000 2,50,000 (3) Current liabilities : (a) Short-term borrowings 3 75,000 25,000 (b) Short-term provisions 4 35,000 45,000 Total 6,85,000 4,95,000 II. Assets (1) Non-current Assets : (a) Fixed Assets (i) Tangible 5 5,01,500 3,60,000 (ii) Intangible 6 10,000 15,000 (b) Non-current Investments 50,000 37,500 (2) Current Assets : (a) Current Investments 25,000 30,000 (b) Inventories 7 53,500 22,500 (c) Cash and Cash Equivalents 45,000 30,000 Total 6,85,000 4,95,000

Notes to Accounts
 Note No. Particulars 31-03-2015 (Rs) 31-03-2014 (Rs) 1 Reserves and Surplus (Surplus i.e. Balance in the statement of Profit and Loss) 1,00,000 (25,000) 1,00,000 (25,000) 2. Long-term Borrowings : 12% Debentures 2,25,000 2,50,000 2,25,000 2,50,000 3. Short-term Borrowings : Bank Overdraft 75,000 25,000 75,000 25,000 4. Short-term Provisions : Provision for tax 35,000 45,000 35,000 45,000 5. Tangible Assets : Machinery 6,01,500 4,10,500 Accumulated Depreciations (1,00,000) (50,500) 5,01,500 3,60,000 6. Intangible Assets : Goodwill 10,000 15,000 10,000 15,000 7. Inventories : Stock in trade 53,500 22,500 53,500 22,500

(i) 12% Debentures were redeemed on 31-3-2015.

(ii)  Tax Rs 35,000 was paid during the year.

Prepare Cash Flow Statement.

VIEW SOLUTION
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