compare in tabular form, the properties of solid,liquids,and gases with respect: i)shape ii)volume iii)commpressibilty iv)diffusion v)fluidity or ridgidity

Property Solids LiquidsGases
 Shape fixed shape not fixed not fixed
 Volume fixed volume fixed not fixed
 Space between the particles very small larger than solids largest
Attraction between particles very large smaller than solids smallest
 compressibility very low compressibility low compressibility High compressibility
DiffusionLowHigher than solidsHighest
RigiditySolids are very rigidLiquids are comparatively less rigid than solidsGases are not rigid

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i) shape

solid: definite shape

liquid:no definite shape

gas :no definite shape


solid,liquid: fixed volume

ga:no fixed volume



liquid:comparitively more than solids

gas:very high


solid :very less diffusion rate

liquid,gas:very high rate of diffusion

v)fluidity or rigidity

solidvery rigid

liquid,gas:high fluidity rate

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Follwoing table provides the comparison between solids, liquids and gases.

  • They are very rigid, as constituent particles are tightly held to each other.
  • They are comparitively less rigid, as the particles can move and are flexible. They take the shape of the container.
  • They are not rigid, as the particles are free to move in space.
  • They are non compressible, due to close packing of the particles.
  • They can be compressed to some extent.
  • They are highly compressible, as large space is present between the particles, adn they can be brought close to each other.
  • They have fixed shape.
  • They take the shape of the container.
  • They also, take the shape of the container.
  • The particles of solids have very less
  • The particles possess some amount of Kinetic energy. The particles are in motion continously, but do not leave the liquid surface.
  • The particles possess very large kinetic energy, as they are continously in motion and move with hihg speeds.
  • The density is high, due to close packing of particles.
  • Density is comparatively lower, than the solids, as particles are not too close to each other.
  • Density is very low, as the number of particles in a given volume is very low.

Hope, this information is helpful.

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