Explain the 4 chambers of a ruminants stomach with a picture.

Dear student,
Four chambers of ruminant stomach are rumen, reticulum, omasum and abomasum. In rumen and reticulum food is mixed with saliva and bolus is formed. Cellulose and hemicellulose is broken by microbial fermentation action in these compartments. In omasum water ad minerals are absorbed into the blood stream. Abomasum is the stomach where digesta is digested and moved further to small intestine and then to larger intestine.


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Ruminants have a complicated stomach consisting of  four chambers
Food that is swallowed goes to the first chamber called the rumen. Here it is partially digested and called cud. It then goes to the second chamber from where it is returned to the mouth for thorough chewing. This process is called rumination. After chewing,the food is swallowed for the second time and then digested further in the remaining chambers. It is finally sent to the small intestine, where the absorption of the nutrients occurs...
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