How is nij cultivation different from ryoti?
|Nij cultivation||Ryoti cultivation|
|a. Under this system, the planter directly produced indigo on the land controlled by him.||Under ryoti , the planters entered inti contracts with ryots and were given advances at low rate to produce indigo on their lands.|
|The planter hired labourers to produce indigo||As per the contract the ryot had to produce on indigo on 25% of his land . The planter provided all the raw material including the seed , drill to the ryot.|
|Some of the problems associated with Nij cultivation was that fertile land and large area of land was required to grow indigo. Even labour was not easily available||Under this system, the ryot was tied with the planter throgh the cycle of loan, . Excessive growth of indigo affected the fertility of the soil that hampered growth of food crops.
- Nij cultivation
- In nij cultivation planters grow indigo on the land they they directly controlled.
- In this there was no contract to be signed between planters and ryots.
- The planters buy land and give it to zamindars
- It was done on 25% of the land
- It was practiced on the land of the ryots
- Sometimes,a contract was to be sign between the planters and the ryots
- The planters give loan to the ryots to buy land
- Indigo was cultivated on the whole land