How is the present day Antartica different from Gondwana? (Reference : Class 12 Vistas, Journey to the end of the Earth)
Gondwana was a supercontinent that existed millions of years ago. It is from Gondwana that Antarctica and India are supposed to have been parted off. The situation however was completely different from how it is right now. There were no humans and the climate was warmer which gave rise to huge varieties of flora and fauna. Gondwana flourished for 500 million years until dinosaurs got extinct and human beings came into existence. The huge continent was then forced into segregation to form countries and the world as we know of it today.