i want direct and indirect speach with examples
Follow the mentioned link to understand the concept of reported speech:
Various rules to convert direct into reported speech are:
A simple present becomes a simple past;
A present continuous becomes a past continuous;
A present perfect becomes a past perfect.
The 'shall' of the Future tense is changed into 'should'.
The 'will' of the Future tense is changed into 'would' or 'should'.
The pronouns of the Direct speech are changed wherever necessary, so that their relations with the reporter and his hearer, rather than with the original speaker, are indicated.
Words expressing nearness in time or place are generally changed into words expressing distance. For instance, now becomes then, ago becomes before, tomorrow becomes the nest day and last night becomes the night before.
The tenses may not change if the statement is still relevant or if it is a universal truth.
Saying exactly what someone has said is called direct speech (sometimes called quoted speech)
Here what a person says appears within quotation marks ("...") and should be word for word.
She said, "Today's lesson is on presentations."
"Today's lesson is on presentations," she said.
Indirect speech (sometimes called reported speech), doesn't use quotation marks to enclose what the person said and it doesn't have to be word for word.
When reporting speech the tense usually changes. This is because when we use reported speech, we are usually talking about a time in the past (because obviously the person who spoke originally spoke in the past). The verbs therefore usually have to be in the past too.
|Direct speech||Indirect speech|
|"I'm going to the cinema", he said.||He said he was going to the cinema.|