Q-Classify mountain on the basis of their origin.Explain each type?

The types of mountains are:

  1. Fold mountains: Fold Mountains have their origins in the folds of the Earth. Some of the fold mountains are the Himalayas and Aravallis in the Indian sub-continent, Alps in Europe, Urals in Eurasia.
  2. Block mountains: These are formed when large areas are broken and uplifted to form horsts. The sunken areas are called grabens. The Rhine Valley and Vosges mountains are examples of graben and horst.
  3. Volcanic mountain: These have their origin due to volcanic activity. Mt. Kilimanjaro in Africa and Mt. Fujiyama in Japan are examples of volcanic mountains.

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