what are the major challenges to democracy in india
Since India is one of the biggest democracies of the world, it faces some major challenges. Some are listed as follows-
1)The challenge of deepening of democracy is faced by almost every democracy of world. This involves strengthening of the institutions and practices of democracy. This should happen in such a way that ppl can realise their expectations of democracy.
2) The increasing corruption in most departments is also a major challenge.
3) Abolishment of poverty, unemployment, communalism and filling the needs of growing population also poses challenge to democracy in India.
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countries face the foundational challenge of making the transition to democracy and then instituting democratic government.
This involves bringing down the existing non-democratic regime, keeping military away from controlling government and establishing a sovereign and functional state.
For example, Nepal was under Monarchy till recent times. Now Nepal has changed to a democratic system.Nepal is a very good example of foundational challenge of democracy.
Challenge of Expansion
This involves applying the basic principle of democratic government across all the regions, different social groups and various institutions.
Ensuring greater power to local governments, extension of federal principle to all the units of the federation, inclusion of women and minority groups, etc., falls under this challenge.
This also means that less and less decisions should remain outside the arena of democratic control. Most countries including India and other democracies like the US face this challenge.
Deepening of Democracy
This involves strengthening of the institutions and practices of democracy. that is, strengthening those institutions that help people 's control and participation
this requires an attempt to bring down influence of rich and powerful people in making governmental decisions
communalism pose a serious threat to indian democracy
- it is a situation in which a particular community promotes its own interest
- it leads to intolerance, far and suspicion towards members of other communities
- it creates disunity among individuals
it is a serious threat to national integration and peaceful co existence
- it leads to formation of pressure groups that protect and promote interests of specific community
- political parties are also formed on basis of religion and leads to separatism
- it also leads to communal violence, riots and massacre
The challenge to democracy in the first statement is to provide equal status to all its citizens in spite of their caste.
The challenge to democracy in the second instance is providing farmers with subsidies which will help them to earn profits and have a satisfactory level of livelihood.
The challenge to democracy is to preserve the peoples trust in government arms like the police.