what is active and passive voice?
please give some examples
In grammar, the voice of a verb describes the relationship between the action (or state) that the verb expresses and the participants identified by its arguments (subject, object, etc.). When the subject is the agent or doer of the action, the verb is in the active voice. When the subject is the patient, target or undergoer of the action, the verb is said to be in the passive voice.
For example, in the sentence:
- The cat ate the mouse.
the verb "ate" is in the active voice, but in the sentence:
- The mouse was eaten by the cat.
the verbal phrase "was eaten" is passive.
- The hunter killed the bear.
the verb "killed" is in the active voice, and the doer of the action is the "hunter". To make this passive:
- The bear was killed by the hunter.
the verbal phrase "was killed" is followed by the word "by" and then by the doer "hunter".
The active voice is the most commonly used in many languages and represents the "normal" case, in which the subject of the verb is the agent.
The Spanish language and the English language use a periphrastic passive voice; that is, it is not a single word form, but rather a construction making use of other word forms. Specifically, it is made up of a form of the auxiliary verb to be and a past participle of the main verb. In other languages, such as Latin, the passive voice is simply marked on the verb by inflection: librum legit "He reads the book"; liber legitur "The book is read".
ACTIVE / PASSIVE VOICE
In most English sentences with an action verb, the subject performs the action denoted by the verb.
These examples show that the subject is doing the verb's action.
Because the subject does or "acts upon" the verb in such sentences, the sentences are said to be in the active voice.
One can change the normal word order of many active sentences (those with a direct object) so that the subject is no longer active, but is, instead, being acted upon by the verb - or passive.
Note in these examples how the subject-verb relationship has changed.
Because the subject is being "acted upon" (or is passive), such sentences are said to be in the passive voice.
NOTE: Colorful parrots live in the rainforests cannot be changed to passive voice because the sentence does not have a direct object.
To change a sentence from active to passive voice, do the following:
1. Move the active sentence's direct object into the sentence's subject slot
2. Place the active sentence's subject into a phrase beginning with the preposition by
3. Add a form of the auxiliary verb be to the main verb and change the main verb's form
Because passive voice sentences necessarily add words and change the normal doer-action-receiver of action direction, they may make the reader work harder to understand the intended meaning.
As the examples below illustrate, a sentence in active voice flows more smoothly and is easier to understand than the same sentence in passive voice.
It is generally preferable to use the ACTIVE voice.
To change a passive voice sentence into an active voice sentence, simply reverse the steps shown above.
1. Move the passive sentence's subject into the active sentence's direct object slot
2. Remove the auxiliary verb be from the main verb and change main verb's form if needed
3. Place the passive sentence's object of the preposition by into the subject slot.
Because it is more direct, most writers prefer to use the active voice whenever possible.
The passive voice may be a better choice, however, when
- the doer of the action is unknown, unwanted, or unneeded in the sentence
- the writer wishes to emphasize the action of the sentence rather than the doer of the action
- the writer wishes to use passive voice for sentence variety.
a sentence is written in active voice when the subject of the sentence performs the action in the sentence. (the sentence is shorter in active vice compared to passive voice.)
eg. the girl was washing the dog
mark was eating an apple
a sentence is written in passive voice when the subject of the sentence has an action done to it by someone or something else.(the sentence is longer if compared to active voice)
eg. the dog was being washed by the girl.
an apple was being eaten by mark.
NOTE:- do not add any new words exept helping verb words in the sentence while changing the voice.
do not change the tense of the verb for eg. if it is in future tence like:-
i wiil eat an apple (active voice)
it will not be i will be eating an apple. it will be, an apple will be eaten by me.
hope that helps you!
The form of the verb that shows whether the subject of the sentence does an action or has an action done to it is called Voice.A verb is in the Active voice when its form shows that the person or thing denoted by the subject does something or is the doer of the action.Ex-Rama is baking a cake .
A verb is in the Passive voice when the form shows that something is done to the person or thing denoted by the subject.Ex-A cake is being baked by Rama.
A SENTENCE IS SAID TO BE IN ACTIVE VOICE WHEN THE SUBJECT IS THE DOER OF THE ACTION. EG: THE CAT KILLED THE RAT .
HERE THE CAT IS SUBJECT , KILLED IS VERB AND RAT IS THE OBJECT. THUS , THIS IS CALLED ACTIVE VOICE.
A SENTENCE IS SAID TO BE IN PASSIVE VOICE WHEN SUBJECT IS THE RECEIVER OF THE ACTION.
A VERB IS IN PASSIVE VOICE WHEN IT TELLS US WHAT IS DONE TO A PERSON OR A THING. EG: THE RAT WAS KILLED BY THE CAT . HERE THE RAT IS SUBJECT, KILLED IS VERB AND CAT IS THE OBJECT. THUS , THIS IS CALLED PASSIVE VOICE.